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대학입시 수준낮은 학교 출신 우대방안 고려 (UCAS)

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
18:53 15 Nov 2007
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2736
대학입학에 수준 낮은 학교 출신 우대 고려

□ 개요
ㅇ 대학입학전형 관리자에게 지원자들의 개별성적은 물론 재학한 학교의 순위까지도 고려해 입학자를 선별하도록 할 예정임. 이는 환경적으로 불리한 지역에서 뛰어난 성적을 취득한 학생들의 대학진학을 독려하기 위한 방안의 일안으로 발표됨.

□ 내용
ㅇ Anthony McClaran (UCAS 의장)은 “전체적으로 성적이 낮은 학교에서 비교적 성적이 좋은 학생들을 선별하는 것은 미래의 성취를 가늠하는 가능성을 보는 것” 이라고 발표.
ㅇ 지원자의 학교에 대한 평가지표는 학교성적, A level에서 취득한 A학점 수, 무료급식대상 학생 비율, six form(대학입시를 준비하는 2년 과정) 규모가 고려대상.
ㅇ 영국의 대학입학을 관할하는 기관인 UCAS(Universities and Colleges Admissions Service)와 대학 측이 본 안건을 적극 검토 중
ㅇ 옥스퍼드대는 이미 학교성적을 지원자의 입학 관련 자료로 사용하고 있음.

□ 반대의견
ㅇ 학교성적(school league table)을 발표하지 않는 스코틀랜드와 웨일즈 출신 학생들에게는 적용할 수 없다는 지적
ㅇ Bernard Trafford (사립학교장 연합의장) : 상위권 학교에 재학했다는 이유만으로 당연히 좋은 점수를 받을 것이라는 단순한 판단이 공정성을 해칠 것이라는 우려를 표함.

□ 출처
ㅇ The Times, 2007.11.3 : "Imperfect grades may have the edge"


Imperfect grades may have the edge

Alexandra Frean, Education Editor
University admissions tutors will be given the academic record of candidates’ schools under proposals to spot the most able pupils at poorly performing schools.
The proposals, which are under active discussion by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (Ucas), are intended to widen university entry to more people from disadvantaged families.
They have fuelled concerns that the information could be used to give unfair preferential treatment to pupils from lower-ranked comprehensives over those at the top-performing grammar and selective independent schools.
The proposals follow the introduction this year of a controversial question on university application forms, asking students whether their parents had gone to university or gained professional qualifications, which provoked accusations that the Government was penalising middle-class students at good schools.
Anthony McClaran, chief executive of Ucas, told The Times that the inclusion of school performance data on application forms would help universities to identify students with the most potential to succeed. Comparing an applicant’s performance with others in their school would enable admissions tutors to see their achievements within the proper context.
“This is about trying to identify someone who perhaps has not achieved much yet, but has shown significant potential for future achievement,” Mr McClaran said.
He said that the process of selection was holistic and was not driven exclusively by grades. “Exam results are overwhelmingly the most important factor, but the admissions officer is trying to make a judgment about the whole person, so it might be important to understand the context from which they have applied,” he said.
Mr McClaran said it was likely that the information would cover the overall exam results of a school, the number of A grades at A level, the proportion of pupils eligible for free school meals and the size of the sixth form.
He conceded that it would be difficult to apply the proposals to applicants from Scotland and Wales because they did not publish school league tables and the information was not as easily available.
The board of Ucas has asked a committee to come up with detailed plans for implementing the proposals. The board has ruled out asking for information about the religion and sexuality of candidates.
A spokesman from Universities UK, which represents vice-chancellors, confirmed that it was discussing the proposals with Ucas. “Universities want a full and rounded picture of each applicant so that they can accurately judge potential to succeed,” the spokesman said.
Bernard Trafford, chairman of the Headmasters’ and Headmistresses’ Conference of independent schools, said that it was very suspicious of the proposals.
“We are worried about admissions tutors making simplistic judgments about boys or girls going to a high--performing school and assuming that they should be doing better and therefore giving them a higher offer than a pupil from a school that does not do so well,” he said.
Many leading universities, including Oxford and Cambridge, already use a variation of the proposed system by examining the official league tables. This year the University of Oxford contacted the schools of all applicants to ask for information about the numbers of pupils in their school who gained A grades.
Mike Nicholson, director of admissions at Oxford, said that he had not received a complaint from any schools that were contacted. It would be two or three years, he said, before it was possible to judge whether school performance data was a good predictor of student potential.
“Our view is that it will give us an insight into the applicant. If you find that a school has a student who gets three As in a school where hardly anyone ever gets three As, then that may give us an indication of their potential compared with students from a school where lots and lots of people get three As,” he said.