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아카데미 계속 확대 전망

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
19:19 26 Aug 2008
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1984
아카데미 계속 확대 전망

□ 아카데미 400개교 목표 이상으로 확대시킨다
- 학교가족어린이부의 학교담당 차관(School minister) Lord Adonis가 실패학교를 대신하는 아카데미를 목표 숫자인 400개교 이상으로 확대하겠다고 시사
- 학부모의 높은 요구에 힘입어서 2010년 400개의 아카데미를 만든다는 목표를 달성한 후에 2011년 이후 일년에 100개 정도를 더 만들 수 있을 것이라고 언급

□ 노동당 내부 논란 심화 전망
- 이러한 입장은 노동당 내의 좌파 및 교원노조 측과의 갈등 예고
- 이들은 교육에서 민간 스폰서의 역할이 너무 강화되고 국가의 영향이 줄어드는 것에 대해 반대하는 입장을 취하고 있음
- 아카데미의 성공 및 확대 예상은 당내에서 전임 총리 블레어파의 입지를 강화시킬 전망임

□ 아카데미의 GCSE 성적 높은 향상
- 금년도 GCSE 성적에서 아카데미 학교들은 전국 평균보다 2배 정도의 향상도를 보여주고 있음
- Adonis 차관은 아카데미가 ‘엄격한 생활지도, 자율적인 교육과정운영, 다양한 방과후 교육’ 등을 통하여 ‘사립학교와 비슷하게’되어야 한다고 말함
- 아카데미의 성공 및 확대 예상은 당내에서 전임 총리 블레어파의 입지를 강화시킬 전망임
- 5개 과목이상에서 C 이상을 취득한 학생 비율이 전국평균 2.4% 상승한 65.7%인 반면, 2년간의 성적이 나와있는 37개 아카데미의 성적 향상은 4.9% 상승한 29.8%임



<기사원문>

Huge boost for city academies
-August 24, 2008

The schools minister has signalled a huge expansion of the government’s academies programme beyond the target of 400, with the aim of transferring the values of independent schools to the state sector.

Lord Adonis said demand from parents was so high it would be possible to continue opening 100 academies a year after 2011, when the target is likely to be met.

His declaration marks a challenge to Labour’s left and teaching unions, who object to removing state education from local democratic control, leaving it in the hands of private-sector sponsors. It will be seen as a huge victory for the Blairite wing of the party and an endorsement of the former prime minister’s reforms.

Adonis, who released provisional figures showing GCSE results at academies had improved twice as fast as the national average this year, said they should become “akin to private schools”, with strict disciplinary codes, a broad curriculum and 12-hour days.

He also praised “pushy parents”. Such families have sometimes been criticised by the education establishment for exploiting admission systems and making excessive demands on teachers.

“I want every parent to be a pushy parent. It is a jolly good thing,” said Adonis, adding that they could help to raise standards by shunning schools that were poor quality.

Adonis, one of the few Blairite diehards to remain a minister under Gordon Brown, said: “My motto as an ardent Blairite is, in the master’s words, what matters is what works.”

Tussles over academies, designed to replace failing schools, have exposed the rift between old and new Labour. Last year Alan Johnson, then the education secretary, appeared to put a cap of 400 on academies to appease the left. He then denied accusations that he was “taking his foot off the accelerator”. When Brown became prime minister, with Ed Balls as his schools secretary, the academy programme was widely expected to be curbed. Balls clipped some of the schools’ independence.

Academies have attracted support from both the Liberal Democrats and the Tories, whose schools spokesman, Michael Gove, has made political capital from attacking the controls introduced by Balls.

There are 83 academies, controlled by sponsors who range from businesses to churches and independent schools. A further 51 will open this year and 80 in 2009.

National exam results released last week showed that the proportion of pupils gaining five GCSEs at grade C and above had risen 2.4% to 65.7%. The academies’ figures, taken from the 37 where two years of data were available, showed that the proportion of pupils gaining five A*-Cs had increased by 4.9% to 29.8%.

Adonis singled out three academies — Bristol Brunel, Barnfield South and Barnfield West in Luton — as among the best performers. They have all roughly doubled their proportions of pupils winning top grades in one year.

Adonis said: “We will have no difficulty moving beyond 400. We will make a political decision in due course on where we go beyond 400. On the basis of the results and the demand, the only issue is how far. We have 100 opening in 2010. There will be very strong pressure from parents and local authorities to maintain that rate.”