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‘캠브리지’ 공립학교 학생 우대 정책에 반발

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
01:17 12 Sep 2008
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2617
□ 캠브리지 대학 부학장의 발표 내용
- Universities UK 연례 회의에서 Alison Richard 부학장(Vice-Chancellor)의 정부정책 비판 연설 (2008.9.10)
- 고등교육에 대한 정부의 관심은 환영하나, 가난한 학생의 입학 장려 정책을 과도하게 요구하는 것은 대학의 자율성에 대한 간섭(meddling)임
- 교육기관의 역할은 본질적으로 교육, 연구 및 능력개발이지, 산업의 보조나 사회 계층 이동의 역할 수행, 사회 정의의 실현이 아님
- 최근 발생하는 산업계의 기술적 문제를 대학이 해결해야 한다는 의견은 부당함

- 대학에 대한 정부로부터의 더 많은 예산 지원이 필요함
- 대학생들을 미래에 대한 투자가 아닌 수입원으로 보는 시각이 존재함
- 영국 대학은 경쟁자인 미국, 호주, 독일 대학에 비하여 학생들에 대한 투자가 떨어지고, 이는 고등교육의 질에 큰 영향을 줌
- 더 많은 학생들이 대학 교육을 받아야 하고, 재정적 문제나 부적응을 문제로 대학에 진학하는데 문제가 생기지 않아야 한다는 원칙에는 동의함
- 이는 A level 시험의 결과가 아닌 학생의 잠재력에 기반하여 캠브리지가 학생입학을 판단하는 이유임
(2008년 캠브리지대의 공립학교 학생 입학비율은 59%로, 이는 1981년 이후 최고임(영국 공립학교 학생 비율 93%))

□ 발표에 대한 정부의 반응: John Denham 장관(DIUS)
- ‘교육(대학)이 사회 정의의 원동력이 되어야 한다’는 것이 부당하다는 의견에 반대함
- 교육은 사회정의 구현의 가장 영향력 있는 방법이며, 따라서 상응한 책임이 있는 것임
- 인재를 찾아내고 기르고 지원하자는 것이지 수준을 낮추자는 것이 아님
- 현대 사회에서 재능 있는 인력을 낭비하는 일이란 있을 수 없음
- 일류대학들이 다양한 계층의 재능 있는 학생들의 입학을 어렵게 하는 것은 결국 큰 손실이 될 것임


- 상위 대학은 공립학교 및 재정적으로 여유롭지 못한 환경의 학생 입학을 촉진해야 함
- 대학은 국가산업 촉진을 위해 관련 학위 과정 및 연구를 진행해야 함

□ 기타 의견
- 캠브리지대 부학장 Alison Richard에 동의하지 않는 다른 부학장들의 의견 : 대학은 정부에서 매년 지원을 받기에 우리는 정부가 요구하는 내용을 수행할 공공의무가 있음
- 혁신대학기술부(DIUS) 대변인 : 대학교육에의 참여 기회를 확대하기 위한 어떤 수단도 모두 자율적인 것임. 대학의 독립성을 중시하는 동시에 최고의 학생들이 최고의 교육을 받기를 기대함


Cambridge University's Alison Richard condemns push for state pupils
-The Times, September 10, 2008

Cambridge today will condemn attempts to force elite universities to recruit more pupils from state schools and disadvantaged backgrounds.

Cambridge today will condemn attempts to force elite universities to recruit more pupils from state schools and disadvantaged backgrounds.

In a robust attack on government “meddling”, Alison Richard, the Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, will say that universities are not “engines for promoting social justice”.

Ministers have repeatedly called on elite universities to do more to attract students from poor backgrounds. Last night Professor Richard told The Times that the role of Cambridge was to educate and to lead research, not to “fix problems of social mobility”.

She said: “We try to reach out to the best students, whatever their background. One outcome of that is that we can help to promote social mobility. But promoting social mobility is not our core mission. Our core mission is to provide an outstanding education within a research setting.”


Speaking at the annual conference of Universities UK today, Professor Richard will welcome increased government interest in higher education, but say that such interest can also “encourage meddling”.

Professor Richard will say: “As institutions charged with education, research and training, our purpose is not to be construed as that of handmaidens of industry, implementers of the skills agenda, or indeed engines for promoting social justice.”

Ministers are increasingly encouraging universities to work with business and industry in designing degree courses and to promote the commercial relevance of their research.

Professor Richard told The Times: “The risk is we are being asked to help fix industry’s latest technological problems. We can’t do that.”

She agreed that more young people could benefit from a university education and said that she hoped that neither family poverty nor fears about not fitting in should discourage students from applying to Cambridge.

It was for this reason that the university judged applications on the basis of their perceived potential, not just on their academic attainment at A level.

Last week Cambridge announced that the proportion of students it will admit from state schools this year has risen to 59 per cent, the highest level since 1981. State schools educate 93 per cent of all pupils in England.

Some vice-chancellors do not agree with Professor Richard. One said: “The Government gives me a cheque every year. I have a public duty to do what the Government says.”

A spokesman for the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills insisted that any measures to encourage widening participation at universities were voluntary. “We value the independence of universities, but we also want to get the best students into the best courses,” he said.


Cambridge mission 'not social mobility'
-Guardian, September 10, 2008

Alison Richard says top universities should not be pressured into accepting students from poorer backgrounds.

Cambridge University today attacked "meddling" ministers for dumping universities with the problem of social mobility.

Professor Alison Richard, Cambridge's vice-chancellor, told UK university heads that she is fed up with the government viewing universities as "engines for promoting social justice".

Ministers have repeatedly demanded elite universities recruit more students from financially disadvantaged backgrounds to diversify their mix.

But in her speech to the annual conference of Universities UK - the
umbrella group for vice-chancellors - at Cambridge University, Richard argued that this is not the chief aim of universities.

"We try to reach out to the best students, whatever their background," she said. "One outcome of that is that we can help to promote social mobility. But promoting social mobility is not our core mission. Our core mission is to provide an outstanding education within a research setting."

The government has pushed universities to collaborate more with business and industry in designing degree courses and exploiting the commercial benefits of their research.

Richard told vice-chancellors that universities were not the "handmaidens of industry" or "implementers of the skills agenda".

"The risk is we are being asked to help fix industry's latest technological problems. We can't do that."

Richard described universities as "hopelessly under-funded" and demanded more cash from government.

"There is a prevailing view in the UK that students, all students, are a source of income, not an investment in the future," she said.

UK universities spend less per student than their chief rivals in the US, Australia and Germany, Richard said. This, she argued, could threaten their efforts to compete for the best postgraduates.

Last week Cambridge announced that the proportion of students it will admit this year from state schools has increased to 59% – the highest since 1981. State schools educate 93% of all pupils in England.

A spokesman for the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills said any measures to encourage widening participation at universities were voluntary.

He said: "We value the independence of universities, but we also want to get the best students into the best courses."


Universities have a duty to be inclusive, says John Denham
-The Times, September 11 2008

Britain's elite universities were on a collision course with the Government last night over claims that ministers are using universities for the purpose of social engineering.

Ministers were said to be furious about comments made by Alison Richard, the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, at the annual conference of Universities UK, representing vice-chancellors, that universities are not “engines for promoting social justice”.

John Denham, the Universities Secretary, will use his conference speech today to deny any suggestion that he is trying to tamper with university admissions policies.

“It has been suggested that universities, and by implication, education, is not an engine for social justice. I have to say I profoundly disagree. Education is the most powerful tool we have in achieving social justice. From that power, the responsibility arises - not to lower standards - but to seek out, support and nurture talent, wherever it exists,” he will say.

He told The Times: “No modern society can afford the talent of young and older people to be wasted. . . highly selective institutions that draw from a narrow social base will ultimately lose out if they deny themselves access to talented students from all backgrounds.”

Professor Richard used a keynote speech at the annual conference of Universities UK yesterday, to respond to government calls for top universities to do more to widen participation by attracting students from state schools and poor backgrounds.

As institutions charged with education, research and training, it was not the role of universities to implement the government's skills agenda or act as “engines for promoting social justice,” Professor Richard said, adding that increased government interest in the work of universities could encourage “meddling”.