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일자리에 비해 너무 많은 대졸자

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
01:33 18 Sep 2008
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3028
< 일자리에 비해 너무 많은 대졸자 >

□ 영국산업연합(Confederation of British Industry : CBI) 발표 내용
- 영국 대졸자 수는 1천만 명이나, 대졸자에 적합한 일자리는 9백만에 불과
- 2020년까지 일자리의 42%만이 대졸자 수준인데 비해 정부는 2010년까지 50%의 대졸자 양성을 목표로 하고 있음

□ CBI 총책임자 Richard Lambert의 의견
- 대졸자들은 대인간 기술이 부족하며, 의사소통 및 언어능력, 팀워크 및 시간 관리 능력을 배양하지 못한 채 취업함
- 의사소통, 팀워크, 대인관계 등의 소위 소프트스킬(soft skills)도 교육의 중요한 부분임
- 우수사례 : 리버풀 존무어 대학 - 필수과목인 실전업무 프로그램(World of Work programme)을 통해 팀워크 및 사무업무를 가르침
- 전체 대졸자 수는 많은데 비하여 과학, 기술, 기계, 수학 분야는 채용에 지속적으로 어려움을 겪고 있음

□ CBI 교육 책임자 Susan Anderson의 의견
- 인성교육, 의사소통, 자기관리 및 언어 능력에 대한 고용주들의 불만이 존재함
- 고용주들은 인턴십 등의 프로그램을 학생들에게 제공함으로서 학생들이 취업 전 업무 경험을 할 수 있도록 노력해야 함

□ 기타 현황
- Centrica 대표이사 Sam Laidlaw가 의장을 맡고 고용주 및 대학 부학장이 속한 특별 위원회는 미래의 고등교육을 위해 정치권에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 정책을 수립할 예정임
- 정부는 2009년 £3,145의 학비상한선을 재검토 할 것을 약속하였고, 노동당, 보수당 양 당은 각 당의 고등교육 정책을 재검토하고 있음
- CBI의 Lambert는 정부가 GDP에서 대학 보조금 비율을 높여야 한다는 의견 피력
- 영국은 국가의 고등교육 부문 지출에서 포르투갈, 그리스, 폴란드, 호주보다 뒤처지는 것으로 조사됨



Too many graduates, not enough jobs, says CBI
Many "cannot even get up in the morning", says Confederation of British Industry

-Guardian, September 17 2008

Universities are producing too many graduates, leaving more than a million people in jobs for which they are over-qualified, according to research by employers.

There are currently 10.1m graduates in the UK but only 9m graduate-level jobs, the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) said today.

By 2020, only 42% of jobs will be graduate level, according to the CBI's figures. This is despite the government's target of 50% of young people starting a degree by 2010.

Richard Lambert, director general of the CBI, criticised the quality of graduates saying they lacked "people skills". Many graduates left university with inadequate communication and language abilities or even the ability to "get up in the morning", he said.

Many also lacked skills in team working and managing their own time, he added.

Launching a new higher education taskforce intended to influence the political thinking about whether to raise tuition fees, Lambert praised universities that were training students to be good employees as well as scholars.

"One of the great pluses of our universities is that we have a strong and diverse system. Some [universities] want to make your brain hurt and in others there is a specific focus on skills," he said.

"We think that soft skills are an important part of education, not necessarily for everybody, but most people need to be able to get up in the morning."

He praised Liverpool John Moores, which has introduced a compulsory World of Work programme that trains students in office and team-working skills.

There were also ongoing problems in recruiting enough graduates to do science, technology, engineering and maths subjects, he said.

Susan Anderson, head of education at the CBI, said: "It's broad employability skills. There is dissatisfaction with soft skills, communication skills, self-management and language. There are skills we expect every graduate to have but there are problems there."

She said that employers had to do their part by providing internships to give students high quality work experience to prepare them before they apply for a job.

The taskforce – chaired by Sam Laidlaw, chief executive of Centrica and including both employers and influential university vice-chancellors – will develop policies designed to influence the political thinking over the future of higher education. The government has promised a review of the £3,145 fees cap next year and both the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties are currently re-thinking their higher education policy.

Lambert refused to be drawn on recommendations on the future funding system for students, but said he personally believed that the government should increase the proportion of GDP spent on university funding.

The group presented evidence that showed the UK was behind Portugal, Greece, Poland and Australia in terms of the national expenditure on higher education.