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10대 임신 10년 전 수준으로 증가

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주영한국교육원
Date
20:34 27 Feb 2009
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1849
10대 임신 10년 전 수준으로 증가

□ 10대 임신비율 줄이기 노력 실패
- 10년 동안 £280m 의 예산을 피임 서비스와 성교육에 투입하여 18세 이하의 임신비율을 절반으로 줄이겠다는 전략에도 불구하고 2008년 10대의 임신비율이 증가한 것으로 조사됨
- 2007년 18세 이하 임신은 42,918건으로 2006년 41,800건보다 늘어서 1000명당 40.9명의 비율에서 41.9명의 비율로 증가
- 2007년 16세 이하 임신건수는 8196건, 임신비율은 1000명당 2006년 7.8에서 2007년 8.3으로 늘어났는데 이는 1998년 이래 가장 높은 수치임. 16세 이하의 임신이 전체 임신 100건 중 1건의 비율을 차지함

□ 법률 규정
법률상 성관계를 가질 수 있는 최소 나이(age of consent)가 England, Scotland, Wales는 16세 이상, Northern Ireland는 17세 이상이며 특히 13세 이하의 여성의 경우에는 본인의 자발적인 동의가 있었더라도 상대방은 강간죄로 처벌받도록 되어 있음

□ 반응과 의견
- 정부 관계자는 10대 임신 증가 현상은 매우 실망스럽다는 의견을 표시하고 피임 등의 정책에 추가로 £20m을 투입하겠다고 함
- 통하지 않는 전략에 추가로 더 많은 돈을 투입하는 것은 아무 소용이 없다는 비판 의견
- Family Education Trust의 Norman Wells :"정부의 대책은 완전한 실패임. 피임을 쉽게 하는 식의 방법은 오히려 역효과를 내고 있음. 필요한 것은 성에 관한 지식이나 피임법이 아니라 좋은 품성과 인격을 기르는 것임“
- 야당 : 10대 임신을 줄이기 위해서는 성교육만 가지고는 안되며 질 높은 인간관계 교육과 더불어 안정적인 가정환경 조성이 필요하다


The Times 보도기사 09.02.27

Policy ‘disaster’ as teen pregnancy rate rises to its highest in 10 years

The Government has been accused of failing a generation after figures showed the incidence of pregnancy among girls below 16, the age of consent, at its highest in a decade.

The increase comes despite a ten-year strategy to halve the teenage conception rate, with more than £280 million spent on contraception services and sex education.

There were 42,918 conceptions among under-18s in 2007, up from 41,800 in 2006. The teenage pregnancy rate rose to 41.9 per 1,000, from 40.9 the year before.

The rate among under-16s increased to 8.3 per 1,000 from 7.8 in 2006, its highest since 1998. There were 8,196 pregnancies among underage girls. Girls under 16 now account for one in 100 of all pregnancies. Pregnancies among under-14s increased to 380 in 2007, from 295 in 2006.

Ministers called the increase “disappointing” and admitted privately that it made it almost impossible to meet their target of reducing the teenage pregnancy rate to half the 1998 figure of 46.6 per 1,000 by 2010.

They announced an extra £20 million to promote contraception, and long-acting methods such as injections or implants in particular. Another scheme will see girls sent text messages by the health service to remind them to use contraceptives.

But critics said there was no point in pouring more money into a strategy that was not working.

Norman Wells, director of the Family Education Trust, said the Government was making things worse. “The Government’s teenage pregnancy strategy has been a disaster,” he said. “The expansion of confidential contraceptive services for young people under 16 is making it more difficult for girls to resist the advances of boyfriends and is giving the green light for boys to pressurise girls into sexual activity. What young people really need is not more talk about the mechanics of sex and contraception, but encouragement to develop the character qualities of stability, faithfulness and commitment.”

Hilary Pannack, of the sex education charity Straight Talking, said: “We are failing a whole generation of young people. Teenage parents statistically are much more likely to become parents of children who themselves become teenage parents. That means generations of child poverty, which we need desperately to tackle.”

A spokesman for the YWCA, which runs programmes for young mothers, said more needed to be done to tackle the causes of the problem, which means Britain has the highest incidence of teenage pregnancies in Western Europe. “It needs to be better recognised and understood that young women who see little hope for their future are most likely to view early motherhood as a positive change,” he said. The figures, which show the first increase in five years, come weeks after the outcry over Alfie Patten, the boy said to have fathered a child at the age of 12.

Ministers pointed out that the proportion of pregnant teenagers having abortions had increased slightly, to around half, so the number of teenage mothers was not rising.

Beverley Hughes, the Minister for Children, defended the ten-year strategy. She said: “Where progress has slowed, efforts must be redoubled and we will be focusing our challenge on those areas with high and increasing rates. There is no doubt rates have come down where local areas have implemented the strategy properly. “We have already announced our intention to make sex and relationship education (SRE) compulsory and we will be providing new SRE guidance to schools this September. This is in addition to more support for parents to help them talk more openly to their children about sex and relationships.”

Andrew Lansley, the Shadow Health Secretary, said: “Reducing teenage pregnancy requires more than teaching children about sex. It requires a supportive and responsible family together with high-quality relationship education which gives teenagers the self-confidence and guidance needed to recognise their interest in avoiding early and unprotected intercourse.”

However, some areas have achieved notable successes. Less than a decade ago the London borough of Hackney, which has high levels of deprivation,had one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in the country. Today it has one of the lowest since the creation of a Teenage Pregnancy Partnership in 2000. Sex education in its schools begins at 5 and teenage parents go into secondary schools to discuss sex and responsibility.