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국가 성취도 평가 존속 논란

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
19:05 14 Apr 2009
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1555
□ 국가시행 성취도 평가 현황
- 현재 초등학교 마지막 해에 England의 모든 학생들은 영어, 수학, 과학 과목에 대한 SAT라고 불리는 국가시행 성취도 평가를 치르고 있음
- 중등학교인 14세 학생들이 치렀던 Key Stage 3 시험은 2008학년도까지는 국가시험으로 시행되었으나 2009학년도부터 학교 자체시험 시행으로 변경되고 국가시험은 폐지되었음
- Key Stage 4에 실시되는 GCSE 시험은 학생들이 과목을 선택하여 치르는 자격시험으로 국가 성취도평가와는 다른 성격임

□ DCSF Ed Balls 장관의 주장
- 리버풀에서 열린 ATL(Association of Teachers and Lecturers) 연례총회의 연설을 통하여 초등 6학년인 11세 학생을 대상으로 시행하고 있는 국가 교육과정 평가시험을 폐지할 뜻이 전혀 없다고 말함
“I’ve made it clear there is no intention of getting rid of assessment altogether. That would not be the right thing to do, and I think the large majority of parents would agree.”
- 평가를 완전히 폐지하자는 것은 잘못된 주장이며 대부분의 학부모들도 이에 찬성하지 않고 있음. 여론조사 결과 2/3의 학부모들이 이 시험을 매우 중요하게 생각하고 있음
- 절대로 바꿀 수 없는 것(set in stone)은 아니지만 시험을 완전히 폐기하자는 교원노조의 주장을 받아들이지는 않을 것임
- 그러나 시험 시행과 관련된 구체적인 방법에 관하여 개선할 부분이 있다면 바꿀 용의는 있으나, 변경을 하는 경우에도 2011년 이후에나 가능할 것이라고 말함

□ 교원노조의 폐지 주장
- NAHT(National Association of Head Teachers)와 NUT(National Union of Teachers)는 이 시험이 폐지되지 않으면 2010년부터 시험을 보이콧트 하겠다고 위협하고 있음
- 이 시험에 너무 많은 중요성이 부여되고 학교교육을 해치고 있다고 주장
- 현재와 같이 모든 학생들이 시험을 치르고 그 결과가 순위표로 발표되는 상황에서 학교들은 좋은 성적을 내기 위하여 시험위주의 교육과정을 운영(teach to the test) 함으로써 교육을 망치고 있다고 주장
- NUT Christine Blower 사무총장 : "장관이 이 시험이 불변의 것은 아니라고 말한 점에 대해서는 기쁘게 생각. 시험을 보이콧트 하는 것이 무책임한 일이라고는 생각지 않으나 그럴 필요가 없기를 바람“

□ 여론조사 결과
- DCSF의 의뢰로 936명의 학부모를 대상으로 실시된 Ipsos MORI 여론조사 결과
- 70%가 국가시험이 어린이들의 학습 진전 상황에 대한 정보를 제공하여 주기 때문에 중요하다고 응답
- 44%가 현재의 시험이 존속되어야 한다고 응답한 반면 36%는 다른 시험으로 대체되어야 한다고 응답. 이 36%의 대부분은 어떤 형태로든 시험은 유지되어야 한다고 생각함
- 응답자의 65% 정도가 이 시험이 중요하다고 생각하고 있으며, 69%의 학부모들이 중등학교에 진학했을 때 중등학교 교사들에게도 좋은 정보를 제공한다고 생각한다고 응답


-Ed Balls defies calls to scrap SATs-
09.04.07 The Times

Ministers were on a collision course with teaching unions last night after the Education Secretary Ed Balls said he had “no intention” of abolishing national curriculum tests for 11-year-olds.
Mr Balls said scrapping assessment altogether would be wrong, and insisted that the majority of parents would agree with him. He cited results of a poll of parents which found that two thirds of parents regarded the tests as important.
Although he said the tests were not set in stone, he said he would not bow to pressure from some teaching unions to scrap them altogether.
At the moment children sit national curriculum or “Sats” tests in English, maths and science, in their final year of primary school. But the tests are hugely unpopular with schools and teachers who feel too much importance is placed on them.

Two teaching unions, the National Association of Head Teachers (NAHT) and the National Union of Teachers (NUT) are threatening to boycott next year’s tests if they are not scrapped.
Speaking at the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) annual conference in Liverpool Mr Balls said: “I’ve made it clear there is no intention of getting rid of assessment altogether. That would not be the right thing to do, and I think the large majority of parents would agree.”
Mr Balls scrapped Sats tests for 14-year-olds in October and set up an expert group to look at testing for 11-year-olds, which is due to report back shortly.
He said: “I would be very surprised if they said that nothing at all could be done to make Key Stage 2 tests better.”
This could involve reforming Sats or replacing them with single level tests (SLT), which are taken when a teacher feels the child is ready. There is still more work that needs to be done on SLT, Mr Balls said.
He told delegates at today’s conference: “I know that Key Stage 2 National Tests are particularly controversial.
“I’ve always been very clear that the current assessment system is not set in stone.
“But I’ve also been clear that it would be a retrograde step to return to the days where the real achievements of schools were hidden from parents and communities.”
Mr Balls said that an Ipsos MORI poll of around 1,000 parents, commissioned by the Department for Children, Schools and Families showed a third (32 per cent) of parents place high importance on their child sitting Sats tests, with another third (33 per cent) saying they were of medium importance.
A further third (35 per cent) thought the tests were of low importance, or did not know.
Three quarters (78 per cent) of those questioned said they thought the tests accurately reflected how their child was doing.
Around a fifth (22 per cent) said they did not reflect their child’s achievements.
Mr Balls also used his speech to confirm that history will remain firmly on the curriculum for primary pupils.
He dismissed as “complete nonsense” reports that teachers would be forced to choose between teaching about the Victorians or how to use Wikipedia and Twitter.
A motion calling for the compulsory act of daily worship in schools to be scrapped was defeated by members of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers at their annual conference in Liverpool.
09.04.07 The Guardian
Sats tests may be axed, hints Ed Balls

The schools secretary, Ed Balls, has given his strongest indication to date that the current system of Sats tests will be scrapped - but he insisted that some form of test at the end of primary school will stay.
He told the Association of Teachers and Lecturers' conference in Liverpool that the system "was not set in stone", and that he would work with teachers and parents to make changes. But he said any reforms would not be introduced until 2011 at the earliest - after the 2010 deadline set by two other teaching unions that are threatening to boycott next year's tests if they aren't scrapped.
Balls promised to act on the advice of an expert group convened to look at the future of tests for 11-year-olds, which was set up after the collapse of the marking system last year that led to the scrapping of tests for 14-year-olds.
"The right thing to do is to look at the expert group's report and then to consider what further reforms are needed in the testing and accountability system," he said.
He later told the Guardian: "I would be staggered if the expert group didn't have some ideas for changing them. I will act on the recommendations of the expert group. But the changes to the accountability system will be much bigger than the reform to the key stage two tests themselves."
Balls is planning to publish a white paper next month setting out proposals for radical changes to the system of school accountability, including introducing New York-style "report cards", which will grade schools according to academic results as well as pupils' behaviour, to give parents more information about schools in their area.
At yesterday's conference, he insisted that some form of national test would remain. "The government has no intention of getting rid of testing altogether. That wouldn't be the right thing to do, and parents agree.
"To those who say a boycott is the right approach, I have to say that course of action would be irresponsible and disruptive to pupils and parents, but it also risks doing real damage to the standing of the profession."
The National Union of Teachers will vote on whether to boycott the Sats this weekend at its annual conference, and the National Association of Head Teachers will take an identical vote at the end of the month.
The unions say that the current system of testing every pupil in England and publishing the results in league tables puts such pressure on schools to get good results that they are forced to narrow the curriculum and teach to the test, with the effect that children's education is damaged.
The government is 18 months into a pilot in 100 schools of single-level tests that pupils can take twice a year when teachers deem them to be ready. Balls said: "The signs are encouraging, but you would have to give more thought to them before we make any decision. This is a very big reform. It will not take place by 2010."
His speech followed the publication of a government-commissioned Mori poll of parents, which showed that 70% of them find the national curriculum tests are important for providing information on the progress of primary-school children.
The poll of 936 parents around England with children of school age showed that 44% of parents thought the tests should stay as they are, while 36% of them wanted the tests replaced.
Of those 36%, most thought that some form of testing or assessment should remain.
Nearly two-thirds of parents (65%) thought it was important that their child took part in the end-of-primary tests and 69% thought the results were useful for teachers when their child goes on to secondary school.
But nearly a quarter (22%) of parents said the tests did not reflect their child's progress and 63% said they gave only a "fairly accurate" reflection.
The government said the survey showed that parents use the tests to monitor their child's progress at school and to identify areas where they might need more help and support.
Separate focus group work published alongside the poll revealed that a minority of parents who took part felt that schools put their children under pressure leading up to the testing period. But very few of the parents had used the league tables to judge their child's school, or even knew the schools' previous scores based on published data.
Christine Blower, the acting general secretary of the NUT, said: "We are very pleased to hear the education secretary say that the tests are not set in stone. Clearly we do not think the boycott is irresponsible, but it may very well not be necessary."