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영국 여성 과반수 대학 진학

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
00:22 14 Apr 2010
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2980
영국 여성 과반수 대학 진학

□ 영국 여성의 과반수 대학교 입학
- 2008/09년도 대학입학생과 인구를 분석한 결과 영국 여성의 51%가 대학을 입학함
- 2007년 49%에서 상승한 수치

□ 내용
- 남성의 40%가 대학교에 입학하여 남성과 여성 통합 해당 연령층의 45%가 대학교에 입학
- 노동당과 보수당 모두 대학교 정원을 늘리겠다고 공약
- 20년 전에는 여성 5명 중 1명, 30년 전에는 10명 중 1명, 1960년대에는 20명 중 1명이 고등교육의 혜택을 받음
- 최근 10년간 여성의 대학 입학이 급격히 증가한 것에 따른 결과
- 10년 전 여성의 41%, 남성의 37%가 대학교에 입학
- 경영기술혁신부(Department for Business, Innovation and Skills) 제출 보고서
 2008/09년 17-30세 연령층의 대학입학이 전년도 43%에서 45%로 증가
 이는 해당연령층의 50% 대학입학이라는 목표가 조만간 실현가능함을 보여줌

□ 반응
- 3월 셋째주 발표된 정부 예산안은 올해 대학 입학 정원을 2만명 증원시킬 것을 공언
- 그러나 대학 교육 담당자는 이 숫자가 올해 23% 증가한 대학입학 지원자 수치에는 미치지 못한다고 지적함

※상세 내용은 원문 참조

Majority of young women in university
By Sean Coughlan
BBC News education correspondent

A watershed in university participation has been reached - for the first time a majority of young women in England are going to university.
Provisional figures, showing university entrance for 2008-09, show that 51% of young women entered higher education - up from 49% the previous year.
The overall figures also show an all-time high of 45% going to university, including 40% of young men.
Both Labour and the Conservatives are promising even more university places.
Showing the scale of the social change - 20 years ago only about one in five young women went into higher education and 30 years ago it was about one in 10.
In the early 1960s, only about one in 20 young people were going into higher education.

Soaring applications

This latest record high has been driven by a decade-long surge in the numbers of women going to university.
A decade ago, although a slightly different measurement was used, 41% of women were going to university and 37% of men.
The figures published by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills show the proportion of people aged between 17 and 30 who were entering higher education in the autumn of 2008.
It shows that there has been an increase from 43% to 45% in the overall figure - with an increase of 2 percentage points for both women and men.
There had been a longstanding target for 50% of young people to go to university, which has never been achieved - not least because of a relatively slower growth in male numbers.
Until the early-1990s, more men than women were going to university - but since then women have taken an increasing proportion of places.

'Great investment'

Political opposition to expanding student numbers has also faded - with all the major parties supporting the principle of more university places.
In the Budget last week, the government sought to double the Conservatives' promise of university expansion, by announcing a further 20,000 places for this year.
But this increase will still not keep up the soaring demand for university - with admissions authorities reporting a 23% year on year increase in applications.
There have been warnings that this will mean tens of thousands of well-qualified applicants will not get a place this autumn.
This growth in student numbers reflects international trends - with the number of graduates in industrialised countries almost doubling in the past decade, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Business Secretary, Lord Mandelson, whose department is responsible for universities, welcomed the continued push towards 50% of young people going into higher education.
"This aspiration is important not for the sake of a target, but because Britain's economy needs skilled graduates to innovate, grow and secure the recovery. A university education also sets students up to succeed across their lifetimes and a British degree is still a great investment for any individual."
But responses from the university sector reflected fears over funding.
Pam Tatlow, chief executive of the Million+ group of new universities, warned: "No-one who has the ability should be deprived of the opportunity to go to university... the opportunity to go to university is a question of both social justice and ensuring the UK's economic competitiveness."
The head of the UCU lecturers' union, Sally Hunt, said: "The government should be rightly proud of its efforts to get more people into our universities. However, it needs to be brave enough to back its policy and provide the necessary resources the university sector, and record numbers of students, so desperately need."

<출처>
BBC 2010.4.1
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/8596504.stm