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grammar school 학생이 더 다양하다

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
00:23 14 Apr 2010
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4015
grammar school 학생이 더 다양하다

□ Sutton Trust의 grammar school 관련 보고
- 4월 12일 자선단체인 Sutton Trust가 발표한 보고서에 의하면 영국(England)내 가장 우수한 100개 공립학교의 91개교가 comprehensive school(평준화 학교)임
- sixth form을 포함한 Faith school(주로 종교단체가 설립한 학교로서 지역교육청의 재정지원으로 운영되기는 하지만 학교운영위원회가 학생입학에 관련된 정책을 결정하고 교사 채용권을 가짐)이 가장 사회적으로 배타적인 성격을 띰
- 학교부 장관 Ed Balls가 학부모 면담 또는 ‘후원금’ 모집을 금지하였음에도 불구 많은 학교와 학부모는 이러한 입학 규정을 피해가고 있음

□ 내용
- 164개 grammar school(성적에 따라 학생을 선발하는 공립학교)과 164개 우수 comprehensive school가 가난한 가정의 학생 20%을 포함함
- grammar school이 신입생의 13.5%, comprehensive school이 신입생의 9.2% 포함

□ 보고서 ‘Worlds Apart‘
- 버킹엄 대학의 Alan Smithers, Pamela Robinson 교수가 발표
- 학교내 사회적 변화에 관한 내용
- 추첨 또는 투표가 더 공정하다고 추천
- 입학 규정은 학교와 학부모가 유리하게 조종하는 것을 방지하기 위해 계속 수정되었으나 여전히 이용되어 왔음을 주장

※상세 내용은 원문 참조

Grammar schools more diverse than comprehensives, says Sutton Trust
Grammar schools are more socially diverse than leading comprehensives, it is claimed today.

A report by the Sutton Trust charity, which aims to tackle educational inequality, found that 91 of the 100 most socially elite state schools in England were comprehensives. Faith schools, those that control their own admissions and those with sixth forms are most likely to be socially exclusive, it said.

Ed Balls, the Schools Secretary, has banned the interviewing of parents or the seeking of “donations”. But many schools and parents are still circumventing this admissions code, the report says.

It found that the 164 grammar schools and the 164 leading comprehensives covered areas where, on average, 20 per cent of children were from poor homes. The grammars took 13.5 per cent of their intake from this background and the comprehensives only 9.2 per cent.

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The report, Worlds Apart — social variation among schools, by Professor Alan Smithers and Pamela Robinson, of the University of Buckingham, recommended a lottery or ballot to make admissions fairer.

It used a new type of index to measure social exclusivity, which the authors said was more sophisticated than the usual method (which calculates how many children take free school meals). As this is a new measurement it can not be compared with previous research, to see if schools have become more or less selective.

The authors said: “The admissions code has been continually modified since it was first introduced, in attempts to prevent it being manipulated by schools and gamed by parents.

“Even so, the code is still open to game-playing. Parents can move house so as to be close to the desired school, then they are free to relocate because their other children will be given places, or they can take pains to demonstrate they are active members of a particular faith.”

Almost all comprehensives now have a specialism, eg technology or maths, and the report said those that were most socially selective were more likely to have academic rather than practical specialisms.

The most selective schools were in charge of their own admissions, had a high proportion of pupils from white backgrounds, and few children with special educational needs.

Faith schools could give priority to those deemed the most devout, and some former grammars could still allocate 10 per cent of places on the grounds of ability.

Well-off parents managed to manipulate the system, by paying a premium to buy houses close to good schools.

And some socially selective schools could also use wealth to deter the ‘wrong’ families, the report said, by charging more for uniforms, PE kits, school trips and music lessons. It said a recent study found that such schools were three times more expensive than neighbouring schools.

The authors recommended a lottery or ballot for school places, to make admissions fairer and reduce inequality.

Peter Lampl, chairman of the Sutton Trust, said for ballots to be successful, faith schools would have to reform their selection procedures, many of which reward parents for their degree of devotion to the religion.

“They would have to adopt simple binary selection criteria - children judged to be of the faith, or not, rather than using subjective gradations of faith,” he said.

“At the same time, successful schools should be allowed more freedom to expand where possible. Crucially, any newly created schools should automatically adopt ballots as a tiebreaker for oversubscribed school places.”

<출처>
The Times 2010.4.12
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/education/school_league_tables/article7094925.ece