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dcsf news: 21세기를 위한 취업 교육 전략

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주영한국교육원
Date
00:11 31 Oct 2009
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2522
□ 새로운 취업 정보, 조언, 길잡이(IAG) 출간
- 10월 26일 IAG 출간식에 학교가족어린이부 장관 Ed Balls, 맨체스터 유나이티드 축구팀 감독 Sir Alex Ferguson, 학교부 장관 Iain Wright 등 참석
- 목적 : 급격히 변화하는 경제에 학생들이 적응할 수 있도록 새로운 취업 교육 정보 제공

□ IAG(careers Informaion, Advise and Guidance) 목표
- 모든 학생이 어려서부터 18세까지 취업 교육을 받도록 장려
- 초등학교 학생 대상의 취업 교육 및 대학과의 협력으로 고등교육 및 다양한 업무에 대한 경험 제공
- 모든 학생에게 ‘멘토(조언자)‘를 연결 : 2명의 새로운 국가 멘토링 챔피언들이 학교, 산업과 고등교육 사이에서 멘토링 기회 확대
- 21세기 온라인 활성화에 맞춘 정보 제공 : Facebook, YouTube, blogs, forums 등을 이용, 2010년 전문적 온라인 웹사이트를 통해 새로운 멘토링 제도 도입
- 불우하고 장애를 가진 학생들에게 더욱 많은 도움을 제공하여 배경, 인종 또는 성별에 관계 없이 잠재성을 이끌어 내려 노력
- 학교, 부모에 다양한 도움, 자료 제공하여 어린 학생들과 취업에 관한 대화 장려
- 취업 교육을 위한 혁신적 방법을 지원하기 위해 천만 파운드(약 200억원)의 자금 제공

□ IAG(careers Informaion, Advise and Guidance) 관련 보고서
- Alan Milburn 연구팀에 의해 2009년 여름 출간된 ‘Fair Access to the Professions’
- Cabinet Office New Opportunities White Paper

□ 관련 조사 내용
- 11세 학생의 75% 이상이 대학 진학을 원한다고 답변
- 학교와 부모, 특히 가족 중 대학 진학자가 없는 경우 학생들의 고등교육에 대한 바람을 이뤄주기 위해 노력해야 함
- 학교와 부모는 학생이 대학과정을 원하는지 취업을 원하는지에 맞추어 계획을 짜는 것이 중요함

□ 정부의 계획(학교가족어린이부 장관 Ed Balls)
- 2009년 38개 초등학교에 취업 관련 교육 시범적으로 실행
- 목표 : 부모와 학생이 이른 교육 과정에서 취업에 대한 대화를 나누고 초등교육 마지막 학년에 진로에 대한 고려를 하여, 14세에 올바른 진로 선택을 할 수 있도록 전면적인 도움 제공

□ 각계 인사의 의견
- Sir Alex Ferguson, 맨체스터 유나이티드 축구단 감독 : “어린시절 축구선수를 할때 아버지는 내게 견습과정(apprenticeship)을 할 것을 고집하셨다. 그 조언과 자격증 없이 나는 지금의 자리에 있을 수 없었을 것이다. 대학에 가거나 일할 생각이 없는 모든 어린 학생들이 견습과정을 해야 한다고 생각한다. 그 과정은 모든 종류의 직업에 대한 진정한 방향을 제공한다.”
- Ryan Giggs, 맨체스터 유나이티드 축구선수 : “멘토링은 내 경력에서 매우 중요했다. 감독님은 내가 축구를 시작했을 때부터 멘토로써 축구 뿐 아니라 내 삶에 큰 도움을 주셨다. 만약 모든 청소년들이 나와 같은 멘토링을 받는다면 그들이 선택한 분야에서 좋은 시작점을 제공하고 성공으로 이끄는데 큰 도움이 될 것이다.”
- Iain Wright, 학교부 장관 : “직업 교육은 단기적으로 가능한 일회성의 이벤트가 아니다. IAG는 초등학교 고학년부터 18세까지의 학생에게 직업에 관한 정보를 제공하여 올바른 선택을 이끌어 낼 것이다.” “2004년에는 존재하지 않았던 직업이 2010년에 존재하듯이 우리는 변화하는 경제에 발맞춘 취업 안내가 필요하다. 온라인을 이용한 즉각적인 정보 제공, 그리고 불우한 학생들을 위한 자금 지원 등으로 멘토링과 협조는 중요하다.”


□ 정리

1. IAG 전략서 다운로드
http://publications.dcsf.gov.uk/default.aspx?PageFunction=productdetails&PageMode=publications&ProductId=DCSF-00977-2009&

2. 연구서 다운로드
‘Aim Higher: How young people formulate their views about the future’
‘Careers Co-ordinators in Schools’
http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/research

3. Alan Milburn 연구단은 13-19세 학생들에게 교육, 취업 관련 조언을 제공하는 현행 서비스인 Connexions 서비스(http://www.connexions-direct.com)를 해산할 것을 정부에 제안함. 지역 교육청은 ‘교육 기간 늘리기‘(Raising the Participation Age)를 준비하며 16-19세 학생 자금 지원에 대한 책임을 이관 중이기 때문에 구조적인 변화가 불안정한 상황임. 그러나 정부는 IAG를 지속적으로 향상시키고 지역 교육청에 발전이 없을 경우 추가적인 변화를 진행할 것을 통지함. 연구단의 제안은 고려되고 있으며, IAG 서비스는 2011년에 재조사 될 것이고 Connexions 서비스가 기준 척도에 비교하여 괄목할 만한 향상을 보여주지 못할 경우 정부는 추가 조치를 취할 예정(ex. 취업 지도 관련 예산을 지역 교육청에서 각 정보 공급자로 이전)

4. 새로운 국가 멘토링 챔피언은 각 직업군과 고등교육 분야에서 지명될 예정임

5. 정부는 7개 지역 교육청 38개 초등학교의 교육단계 Key Stage 2에서 취업 관련 교육을 시범 실행하고 있음(해당지역 : Bristol, Coventry, Gateshead, Manchester, Plymouth, Reading, York). 해당 학교는 사회 경제적으로 뒤쳐진 지역에 위치하고 있으며 관련 교육은 2009년 10월부터 2010년 7월까지 진행될 예정임.

6. 10월 초에 발족된 교육, 고용주 위원회(The Education and Employers Taskforce)는 상당수의 주요 회사와 고용주 연합(CBI, IoD, BCC, FSB)을 포함함. 이 위원회는 모든 학교가 고용주들과 효과적인 파트너십을 맺어 학생의 잠재성을 도출할 지식, 기술, 영감 및 동기부여를 제공하는데 도움이 되기 위해 설립됨. 학교와 고용주가 가장 효과적으로 학생들을 도울 수 있는 분야 중 하나가 ‘IAG(information, advice and guidance)-경력‘임. 위원회장 David Cruickshank가 위원회에 경과 보고를 하고 2010년 여름 내용을 출판할 에정임.


Press Notice 2009/0202
http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/pns/DisplayPN.cgi?pn_id=2009_0202

□ 원문 보기

New careers education strategy fit for the 21st Century

- October 26, 2009


- Careers advice for young people up to 18 and at primary school -
- Mentors and improved work experience to help the most disadvantaged -
- Parents should coach kids early for careers - Sir Alex Ferguson -

A radical change in careers information, advice and guidance (IAG) has been unveiled today at a launch attended by Children, Schools and Families Secretary Ed Balls, Sir Alex Ferguson, manager of Manchester United Football Club and Schools Minister Iain Wright.

The new IAG strategy launched today will modernise careers education to make it accessible for today’s generation of young people and to keep pace with a rapidly changing economy - and make sure every young person, whatever their background, can aim for the top.

The strategy sets out plans for:
• the Government's ambition that every young person will get careers education up to the age of 18 in line with raising the participation age
• piloting approaches to teaching about careers in primary school and plans for primary schools to work with universities to give younger pupils an experience of higher education and the wider world of work
• the ambition that every young person to have access to a mentor - two new national mentoring champions will help increase mentoring opportunities between schools, businesses and higher education
• bringing IAG into the 21st Century with better online access to careers advice through Facebook, You Tube, blogs and forums and a new dedicated online mentoring scheme from 2010 to enable young people to contact professionals online
• more help for disadvantaged and disabled young people in accessing work experience so that all young people -regardless of their background, ethnicity or gender - can realise their full potential
• provide support and resource for schools and parents to engage with young people from an early age to talk about career opportunities
• a £10M fund to support innovative ways of delivering careers education

New research published today shows that children at 11 have very high aspirations, with 75 per cent saying they want to go to university. Schools and parents need to work together to build on this level of ambition and get children thinking about higher education, especially those from homes where no members of their family have been to university before.

It is vital that parents and schools are setting out the options for children and young people whether they are academic and are looking to go to university or are more practical and want to do an apprenticeship.

The department is trialing career related learning in 38 primary schools this year. The trials will encourage pupils and parents to have the conversations about careers and education choices early, during the final years of primary school. This will help prepare young people to choose the right subject options at 14. Parents will be given help, support and resources to do this.

Ed Balls, Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, said:

“A radical change is needed in the way careers advice and education is delivered. This strategy aims to do just that with schools and parents at the centre. Many people have anecdotal experiences of really bad careers advice and often say if they had their chance again they would have done something different. I want this generation of young people to be able to look back and say their careers advice and guidance was relevant and gave them informed options.

“Next week’s strategy sets out a new approach for schools. It brings together young people, those working in business and older peers. They are best placed to provide an understanding of all the different types of jobs they could do and the qualifications they will need to fulfill their ambition.

”Parents tell us they want their children to have the chance to succeed whether their strengths are practical, academic or both. That’s why young people today can choose between Diplomas, GCSEs, A levels, apprenticeships and university. And they will often make choices based on informal contacts from friends and family so parents play a vital role.

“There are many opportunities for parents to engage in their child’s career advice. End of year assemblies in primary schools provide a brilliant platform for discussing careers and education routes. I think this is a great way to introduce the subject, because we know it is often too late for children to start thinking about this at 14 when they are influenced from when they are seven, eight and nine.

“Parents tell us they want to see an end to the old boys network that means only children from privileged backgrounds get their foot in the door. My aspiration is that every young person will have a mentor so that they can get expert direction and all primary children visiting or finding out more about universities.

“This generation of young people look to the internet for knowledge in most areas. That is why we are investing more money in online advice and guidance so that we can deliver a truly 21st century careers education service.”

Sir Alex Ferguson, Manager of Manchester United Football club said:

“When I was a young footballer my father insisted I did an apprenticeship. Without this advice and qualification I would not be where I am today. I think all young people should do apprenticeships if they don’t want to go to university or start working. They provide a real route into all sorts of work opportunities.

“All sorts of people can influence children in their career choices, but it is important that teachers, parents and businesses spot talent early on and nurture young people to achieve the best they can. Parents who want their children to be footballers know how important it is that they start playing young. But that’s not just true for football - if parents want their children to be doctors or lawyers then they should make sure their children get to see something of those careers as well.”

Manchester United player Ryan Giggs said:

“Mentoring was very important to my career, Sir Alex has been a mentor to me since I started out and has helped me not only in football but in my life. If young people can receive the kind of mentoring that I did it, it is sure to give them a good start in their chosen field and lead them to success.”

The new IAG strategy is informed and influenced by the important report ‘Fair Access to the Professions’ by Alan Milburn and his panel published this summer. The plans outlined today build on Milburn’s report and take forward the majority of the recommendations relevant to IAG.

The strategy also builds on the work of the Cabinet Office New Opportunities White Paper.

Today’s strategy also focuses on delivering better online IAG, including:
• IAG on Facebook, You Tube, blogs and other social networking sites
• improving Connexions Direct with moderated chat-rooms and web-cam facility so that young people can have face to face conversations with an advisor
• an apprenticeships website to help young people search and apply for apprenticeships online
• improved online information for parents, with dedicated pages for parents through Connexions Direct.

Businesses, charities and voluntary organisations are being invited to bid for a share of a £10 million fund that will support innovative approaches to delivering careers education and inspiring young people, particularly those from deprived backgrounds. This will include mentoring programmes, as well as access to work taster experiences and support for young people, regardless of their circumstances, disability or background.

Schools Minister Iain Wright said:

“Good careers advice is not delivered in a single afternoon and should never be a one-off event. We want IAG to be delivered from the end of primary school right up to 18 so that we build on the aspirations and ambitions that younger children have. If we engage them early on they are more likely to make the right choices throughout their education.

“We need careers guidance to keep pace with a changing economy – many of the types of jobs that will be in demand in 2010 did not exist in 2004. That means giving young people the most accurate and up to date advice, and giving them access to this instantly online. It is also vital that the new funding targets disadvantaged young people as they are most in need of mentoring and support.

“Our new Education and Employers Taskforce will be playing a vital role in improving links between schools and businesses which is essential for setting up the new mentoring and work taster schemes.”

Charlie Clare, Headteacher of Geoffrey Field Junior School, Reading, one of the trial primary schools, said:

“Good careers advice is a vital element in children being able to take control of their own futures. The primary age is the ideal time to introduce children to the wide variety of jobs that are out there, and this programme will open their eyes to jobs they might not have considered, and to the idea that colleges and universities are perfectly within their reach.”

David Cruickshank, Chairman of Deloitte and a Trustee of the Education and Employers Taskforce, will lead a review into the role of employers in the delivery of information, advice and guidance, identifying best practice and how employers can be effectively supported in this area.

David said:

"Providing our young people with high quality and relevant and Information, Advice and Guidance is vital. Employers have a key role to play but at present many are unsure about the best ways of doing this and schools don't always have access to the support they need.

“The review will examine what is working well, gaps in provision and the barriers and how these might be overcome. We want to be able to give young people insight into the full range of career choices open to them, to challenge the stereotypes, to tell them about what particular jobs are really like, and where the demand for jobs will be".

The strategy recognises that it is vital that there are enough well-trained careers professionals to support young people to make the right choices. Research published today shows that many careers co-ordinators receive inadequate training and support. The department is establishing a Taskforce for the Careers Profession made up of employers and careers guidance professionals. It will look at how to attract well-qualified people to the profession, and retain, support and motivate good careers professionals already in the workforce.

The department will also work with higher education institutions to develop new qualifications for careers leaders in schools. Statutory guidance published today for all schools and local authorities sets out how they must deliver impartial careers education. The new statutory guidance places a clear responsibility on heads to train and support all staff who deliver careers education and IAG.

Editor's Notes
This press notice relates to 'England'

1. The IAG strategy is published today at http://publications.dcsf.gov.uk/default.aspx?PageFunction=productdetails&PageMode=publications&ProductId=DCSF-00977-2009&

2. Research published today ‘Aim Higher: How young people formulate their views about the future’ and ‘Careers Co-ordinators in Schools’ can be found at http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/research

3. Amongst its many proposals the Alan Milburn panel suggested that the Government consider disbanding the Connexions service. As local authorities prepare for Raising the Participation Age and the transfer of responsibility for 16-19 funding, structural change could be very de-stabilising. However, IAG provision must improve and so local authorities are on notice that if there is no improvement the Government will not hesitate to implement further change. The Panel’s proposals therefore remain on the table and under active consideration. IAG services will be reviewed in 2011. If Connexions is not able to deliver demonstrable improvement against a range of indicators by then the department will take further action, including devolving budgets for careers guidance from local authorities to schools and other front line providers.

4. The new national mentoring champions will be appointed from the world of business and higher education.

5. The Department is trialing career-related learning at Key Stage 2 in 38 primary schools in seven local authorities – Bristol, Coventry, Gateshead, Manchester, Plymouth, Reading and York. The pathfinder schools are in the most in socio-economically disadvantaged areas, and will run from October 2009 until July 2010. The program aims to broaden horizons and raise aspirations of Key Stage 2 pupils by challenging the negative stereotyping that means some children from deprived backgrounds believe that universities and certain careers are out of reach.

6. The Education and Employers Taskforce, launched earlier this month, includes a number of major employers and all the main employer representative bodies - CBI, IoD, BCC, FSB. The Taskforce has been established to ensure that every school can have an effective partnership with employers that helps provide young people with the knowledge, skills, inspiration and motivation to achieve their potential. One area where schools and employers work together most effectively for the benefit of young people is on the provision of information, advice and guidance / careers. The findings of the review by David Cruickshank will be presented to the Taskforce Trustees and members of the Partnership Board and will then be published in the early summer 2010.


Contact Details
Public Enquiries 0870 000 2288, info@dcsf.gsi.gov.uk


Press Notice 2009/0202
http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/pns/DisplayPN.cgi?pn_id=2009_0202