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우수학교와 실패학교의 통합 운영

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주영한국교육원
Date
20:08 23 Jun 2009
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2717
< 우수학교와 실패학교의 통합 운영 >

○ DCSF 장관의 언론 인터뷰 내용
- 학교 성적 향상과 비용 감축을 위한 방안으로 실패학교의 운영을 우수학교의 교장에게 맡기는 방안 고려
- 새로운 학교교육 공급자 브랜드(new brands of education providers) 확산을 유도하는 강력한 정책을 시행해 나갈 계획 천명
- 통합 운영을 하게 되는 교장에게는 £120,000의 상한액을 초과한 연봉도 가능하도록 할 예정

○ 교육백서에 담길 내용
- 다음 주 발표될 예정인 교육백서(education White Paper)에 지역교육청이 복수의 학교들의 예산을 통합운영하고 취약학교의 운영을 새로운 체인형태의 운영주체에 넘기는 방안을 고려하도록 할 예정
- 통합(merger)이나 연합(federation)에 참여하기를 거부하는 우수학교들은 Ofsted의 학교 평가에서 불이익을 받도록 할 예정

○ 운영형식 및 기대 효과
- 우수한 교사와 학교경영자 공유 및 시설의 공유를 통하여 성취수준의 향상과 예산절감의 효과를 거둘 것으로 전망
- 어떤 학교, 어떤 학생도 포기하지 않겠다는 정책의 일환
- ‘비영리 공립학교들이 최고의 교육제공주체에 의해 단일 지도력, 통합 브랜드, 공동 목표 및 공동 경영 체제 하에 운영되기를 바람’ (“We want to see chains of schools run by a single overall leadership, probably with a shared brand, with some shared management and governance with a shared ethos and identity.” )

○ 통합 학교의 운영 주체 인증
- 복수학교의 운영을 맡을 주체는 DCSF에서 구상 중인 인증계획(accreditation scheme)에 의해 승인을 받아야만 하도록 할 예정
- 2010년부터 제도가 시행되기를 원하며 많은 학교들이 이 시스템에 의해 운영되기를 바란다고 말함

○ 관련 기사 원문 보기

- The Times, June 23, 2009

Worst schools to be forced into mergers

Top-performing state schools will be able to break a £120,000 cap on head- teachers’ pay if they agree to lead new not-for-profit groups running less successful institutions.

In a new drive to improve standards and cut costs, weaker schools will be involved in mergers or given new leadership, Ed Balls said in an interview with The Times. The Schools Secretary said that he wanted to give a “strong push” to the spread of new brands of education providers.

An education White Paper published next week will contain measures to enable schools to pool budgets and force local authorities to consider handing control of the weakest schools to new chains accredited by Whitehall, he said.

Good state schools face being marked down by Ofsted, the inspections watchdog, if they refuse to take part in formal mergers or federations.

Sharing the best teachers, administrators and facilities will help to improve standards and reduce costs during the squeeze on public spending, Mr Balls said. He revealed that he would reject a recommendation from the School Teachers’ Review Body for a cap of about £120,000 on the pay of heads who take on responsibility for other schools permanently.
Mr Balls defended his record on public sector reform and said that the latest proposals will ensure no school or pupil is abandoned. “What we are looking to see is a number of not- for-profit state schools directly run by the best education providers,” he said. “We want to see chains of schools run by a single overall leadership, probably with a shared brand, with some shared management and governance with a shared ethos and identity.”

The new providers would be approved under a national accreditation scheme run by the Department for Children, Schools and Families to become operational from the start of next year, he said, adding that he hoped to see hundreds of schools under the direct management of the new chains quickly.

Mr Balls added that there would be consequences for schools that opted to “go it alone” when it came to their Ofsted inspections. “If you are a school that has got the potential to do this but chooses not to, you’re not making a contribution to other schools in your area. Therefore Ofsted will recognise you aren’t being as ambitious as you could be.” He admitted that the potential for savings was a key factor. “In order for us to be more efficient this collaboration will be very important. It is going to be tougher but if you have schools sharing, for example, business managers and administration, that can save money.”

Meanwhile, it emerged last night that single-level tests, which are being piloted by the Government to replace national curriculum tests, are unpredictable and create even more stress for children.

The new tests assess pupils when they are ready, rather than en masse at the end of a key stage, but secret reports have revealed basic problems, The Guardian said. The reports, by the National Assessment Agency and academics, apparently found test results were erratic. One report warned they could add to the burden on pupils.

- The Guardian, Tuesday 23 June 2009
Heads could receive £120,000 as part of school 'mergers' scheme

Government plans would force local authorities to consider handing control of weakest schools to top institutions. Headteachers from top institutions who agree to help lead less successful schools could be paid up to £120,000, under plans to improve standards.

The schools secretary, Ed Balls, wants weaker schools to be merged or given new leadership under proposals to introduce new types of education providers into the state system.

The government is due to publish a new education white paper next week, which would allow schools to pool budgets and force local authorities to consider handing control of the weakest schools to new federations accredited by the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF).

Balls told the Times: "What we are looking to see is a number of not-for-profit state schools directly run by the best education providers.

"We want to see chains of schools run by a single overall leadership, probably with a shared brand, with some shared management and governance with a shared ethos and identity."

The new providers would be approved under a national accreditation scheme run by the DCSF that would come into effect from the start of 2010 and Balls hopes to see hundreds of schools under the direct management of the new chains quickly.

Balls will issue a statement later today rejecting the School Teachers' Review Body's recommendation of setting a cap of around £120,000 on the pay of heads who take on permanent responsibility for other schools. He has previously advocated salaries of up to £200,000.

A spokesman for the DCSF said: "We want people to run federations of schools and they need to be rewarded in line with the responsibilities they are taking on.

"These are big responsibilities and we want the best heads to go for them and providers to have the complete freedom to employ the staff they want."

Balls said schools could improve standards and reduce costs by sharing the best teachers, administrators and facilities and the latest proposals would ensure no school or pupil is abandoned.

"In order for us to be more efficient this collaboration will be very important," he said. "It is going to be tougher but if you have schools sharing, for example, business managers and administration, that can save money."

Balls warned that good state schools could be marked down by Ofsted school inspectors if they refuse to take part in formal mergers or federations, as those that chose to "go it alone" would be seen as less ambitious.

"If you are a school that has got the potential to do this but chooses not to, you're not making a contribution to other schools in your area," he said.

Dr John Dunford, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said: "While collaboration between schools is a feature of specific policies such as 14-19 provision and behaviour partnerships, some of the most imaginative work is being done in the field of school improvement and I am pleased that the government is seeking to build on this in its white paper proposals.

"The way in which school improvement partnerships, such as the London Challenge, are improving standards is a tribute to the leadership of headteachers and senior staff. They are prepared to take on major responsibilities for raising achievement in schools that have previously been in difficulty.

"They should be rewarded appropriately for doing this and it is right that the secretary of state should reject the arbitrary salary cap proposed by the pay review body."

But he warned against rushing in the "chains of schools" by the start of next year. "Except in emergency circumstances, such as a school failing its Ofsted inspection, partnerships are best built over time and political impatience should not put at risk the establishment of sustainable arrangements," he said.