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교사 면허증(Licence to Teach) 제도 도입 예정

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주영한국교육원
Date
19:14 02 Jul 2009
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1863
교사 면허증(Licence to Teach) 제도 도입 예정
- 주기적인 교사자격 검증 추진 -

□ Licence to Teach 제도 도입 예정
- 2009년 교육백서 ‘Your Child, Your Schools, Our Future'에서 발표한 계획안임
- 모든 교사가 계속적으로 최근의 교수기법을 유지(keeping skills up-to date)하게 만들고자 하는 목적
- 의사나 변호사와 같은 고위 전문직과 비슷하게 주기적으로 갱신해야 하는 면허제도 ‘licence to teach'를 도입할 예정
- 교사들은 자신이 수업현장에서 효과적인 최근의 학습내용과 교수법을 유지하고 있음을 증명함으로써 면허증을 갱신해 나가도록 할 계획

□ 추진 계획(안)
- 공립학교(maintained schools), 사립 특수학교, 단기학교(short stay schools, 이전의 PRU)에 근무하는 정규자격교사(qualified teachers)와 교장을 대상으로 2010년 9월 이후 점진적으로 도입
- 교사들의 최근의 복무성적과 교사로서의 발전 사항에 초점을 둠
- GTCE(General Teaching Council for England)로 하여금 구체적인 추진계획을 작성해서 제출하도록 할 계획으로 있음
- 우선 2010년부터 신규자격교사(newly qualified teacher)와 복직교사, 그리고 임시교사(supply teacher)를 대상으로 추진할 생각
- ‘licence to teach'의 유효기간은 5년으로 하고 유효기간 만료 시점에서 재확인작업(revalidation)을 거쳐 갱신하도록 할 예정


□ 교육백서의 관련 내용 전문
6.21 We want to ensure that all teachers are keeping their skills up-to-date. That is why, alongside our continued work with our Social Partners on a CPD entitlement for all teachers, we will introduce a renewable ‘licence to teach’, similar to other high-status professions, including doctors and solicitors. This will mean every teacher will be expected to renew their licence to teach periodically. In order to do so, they will need to demonstrate that they have up-to-date skills and learning to be effective in the classroom.

6.22 Our intention is to begin to roll out the new arrangements for qualified teachers and head teachers teaching in maintained schools, non-maintained special schools and short stay schools (formerly pupil referral units) from September 2010. We want to build on the best elements of the existing registration arrangements but place more
emphasis on a teacher’s recent record of professional practice and professional development. For this reason we will make provisions for the General Teaching Council for England to take this forward.

6.23 As we roll out we also want to focus particularly on strengthening the quality of those returning to teaching after some time away from the classroom and supply teachers. Both these groups can face significant challenges and we want to make a better offer of professional development to these teachers, to ensure they get the opportunity to update their skills and build confidence so that they are able to give their best. We envisage beginning roll out with newly qualified teachers and returners to teaching from September 2010, with supply teachers as soon as is practicable thereafter.

6.24 We envisage a ‘licence to teach’ being valid for five years, at the end of which the licence holder would have to undergo a process of revalidation, building on the performance management arrangements and including other feedback. We will develop detailed proposals and consult widely with the profession on these arrangements.

□ The Times 보도기사 (09.07.01)
Teachers face sack under new classroom licence plan

Teachers will need a licence to enter the classroom and face being banned if they cannot renew it every five years, the Government said yesterday.

The radical move, in a White Paper put before the Commons yesterday, will be widely seen as an attempt to weed out incompetent teachers and to stop bad teachers being shunted from school to school.

Ed Balls, the Schools Secretary, indicated that he expected some teachers to fail their renewal. “It may be that we will discover some teachers who do not make the grade, and some who aren’t relicensed,” he said.

Newly qualified teachers would get a licence to teach from September. All teachers returning to the profession will go through the process from September next year, and supply teachers will be targeted after that. Eventually all teachers will need a licence.

Experts have estimated that more than 20,000 teachers are not fit to do their jobs, with one or two in each school. Heads privately complain that it is virtually impossible to sack poorly performing teachers.

Only ten teachers, out of a workforce of 500,000, have been fired for incompetence since 2001. Teaching unions attacked the plan for licences, saying that teachers already faced numerous accountability measures.

Mr Balls indicated his intentions in the Children’s Plan published in December 2007, in which he called on the General Teaching Council to root out teachers whose “competence falls to unacceptable low levels”.

Under the licence scheme, head teachers would provide written accreditation for teachers every five years, vouching for their ability, and the General Teaching Council would conduct an annual audit of about 5 to 10 per cent of teachers. The licence would go hand in hand with entitlement to professional development so that teachers could keep up with the latest teaching methods and technology.

Christine Blower, the general secretary of the National Union of Teachers, said: “Teachers’ capacity and practice are persistently under review. It is not clear to me that head teachers will welcome an additional responsibility to relicense their teachers every five years.”

The licence was one of several radical reforms announced by Mr Balls in the White Paper. These include report cards, which will grade schools from A to F across a range of measures, including academic performance, children’s wellbeing and parental satisfaction.

Local authorities will also be forced to consult parents about whether they are happy with schools, and set out a plan of action if the results are negative. Parents will have to sign up to the school’s behaviour rules and reiterate this commitment each year. If it is breached, they could face a courtimposed parenting order or a fine.