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10% 학교, GCSE 목표 달성 실패

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주영한국교육원
Date
00:54 23 Jan 2010
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1482
10% 학교, GCSE 목표 달성 실패

□ 10개중 1개 중등학교 GCSE 목표 달성 실패
- 영국 정부가 1월 13일 발표한 통계에 의하면 아카데미를 비롯한 영국내 중등학교의 10%가 GCSE 목표 달성에 실패함
- 정부 목표 : GCSE 5개 이상 과목(영어, 수학 포함)에서 C 이상의 등급(A*-C)을 획득한 학생이 30%를 초과

□ 내용
- 2009 GCSE 학교순위표(league table)에 따르면, National Challenge(실패학교 개선 프로젝트: 정부의 지원을 받는 학교들이 GCSE에서 목표 성적 달성하지 못할 경우 폐교되거나 통합됨) 하의 아카데미의 숫자가 32개교에서 41개교로 증가
- 절반이 약간 넘는 학생이 과학 과목에서 기본 성적 받았고, 2/3의 학생이 현대 언어에서 좋은 성적 거두지 못함
- 학교 순위에서 좋은 위치를 차지하려한 학교의 의욕이 학생들을 쉬운 과목을 선택하도록 몰아붙인 결과라는 지적

□ 결과
- GCSE에서 정부 목표를 획득하지 못한 247개 학교가 1년 내 폐교될 수 있음
- 이 기준에 의해 2009년 54개 학교가 폐교됨
- 2009년 440개 학교가 폐교 위험에 처했던 것에 비하여 발전된 결과

□ 주요 수치
- 20%의 아카데미가 집중 관리 대상인 반면 7% 중등학교가 이에 해당
- 정부는 2010년 GCSE에서 C 이상의 등급을 받은 학생 비율을 영어 69%이상, 수학 64%로 설정하였으나 현재 각각 1600, 1800개의 학교가 이 기준에 미달함
- 같은 기준의 학생 비율이 과학 과목은 50%에서 54%, 언어 과목은 31%에서 32%로 상승
- 정부 목표를 달성한 학생 비율은 2008년 60%에서 2009년 70%로 상승

※상세 내용은 원문 참조


A tenth of schools fail to meet GCSE targets
- Secondary school league tables: 247 schools face threat of closure over poor performance


-Guardian, January 13, 2010

One in 10 secondary schools in England failed to meet basic targets for GCSEs last summer and academies were disproportionately represented among the failing institutions, government statistics published today reveal.

The league tables show the number of academies in the government's National Challenge programme, where schools are targeted with support but face closure or merger if they do not improve, has increased by a third, from 32 last year to 41 now.

A little over half of pupils leave secondary school with basic qualifications in science, and two-thirds do not get a modern language GCSE at a good grade. Critics say the pressure to perform well in the rankings encourages schools to push their students towards easier subjects.

A total of 247 schools face the threat of closure within a year after fewer than 30% of their pupils achieved the benchmark of five A*-C grades, including English and maths. Another 54 have already been shut after failing to meet the government-set target last year. This is an improvement on the previous year, when 440 schools faced the threat of closure.

In almost half of state schools, fewer than 50% of students got the grades.

While academies account for 17% of schools that are now in the National Challenge programme, they make up just 6% of secondary schools in England. A fifth of academies are on the list targeted for intensive improvement, compared to 7% of non-academy state secondaries.

At a handful of schools, more than 70% of students left without the basic qualification of five GCSEs in any subject – a phenomenon ministers had vowed to eradicate by 2008.

The league tables, which reveal the GCSE and A-level scores of every school in the country, are compiled to help parents decide where to send their child, but are deeply unpopular with many teachers' unions, who criticise them for putting schools and heads under unnecessary pressure.

More than half of state schools are falling short of a national "expected progress" target for pupils between the ages of 11 and 16, data published for the first time showed.

These targets are set individually for schools, but by next year the government wants to reach an average national figure of 69% succeeding in English and 64% in maths – this year, hundreds of institutions performed below that level. Pupils' progress is measured on the principle that pupils who achieve the level expected of an 11-year-old (level 4 at key stage 2) should go on to get at least a C at GCSE.

More than 1,600 schools fell below the national target in English, and for maths the figure was nearly 1,800.

The number of pupils getting science GCSEs at C or above increased from 50% to 54%, but the proportion who got at least a C in any language was only up marginally, from 31% to 32%.

Overall, 70% of all pupils got five A*-Cs – up from 60% last year.

The most improved school was Chafford Hundred Campus business and enterprise college in Grays, Essex, where the proportion of pupils who achieved five A*-C grades at GCSE, including in English and maths, has risen from 16% in 2006 to 62% last summer.

The headteacher of the mixed comprehensive, Chris Tomlinson, said the school had worked hard on recruitment, keeping its best teachers, while also looking for teachers with more experience. The school has ploughed funds into one-to-one tuition, especially in English.

Some 145 private schools opted for alternatives to GCSEs, so showed no results in the government's statistics.

The school with the best value-added score, which takes into account the circumstances of children that are beyond the school's control, such as whether they receive free school meals, is Phoenix high school in Shepherd's Bush, west London.

The statistics also show the proportion of pupils in each school that are persistently absent – or off for at least one day a week. In the worst case, at New Line Learning Academy in Maidstone, Kent, 27% of pupils are persistently absent.

David Laws, the Liberal Democrats' education spokesman, said: "Labour's failure on education means that there are still thousands of pupils in schools in which most fail to get five good GCSEs, including English and maths.

"This is completely unacceptable in a rich country such as Britain. Instead of more daft gimmicks and initiatives from Ed Balls and Gordon Brown, we need action to reduce class sizes and improve school leadership."