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2010 A-levels 결과 발표

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주영한국교육원
Date
17:58 02 Sep 2010
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3301
2010 A-Levels - A*도입과 경쟁 심화

□ 상위권 점수 상승이 전체 성적 상승 견인
- 2010년 A-레벨 결과 8월 19일 발표
- E등급(통과 최저 등급) 통과 비율 97.6%, 전년대비 0.1% 상승
- A* 등급 비율 8%, A 등급 비율 27%(전년대비 1% 상승). 이 비율은 28년 연속 상승하였음
- 660,000명의 대학 지원자의 치열한 경쟁 예상됨(2009년 대학 진학자 482,000명)

□ 2010 A-레벨 결과 분석
○ A* 등급 도입
- 우수 학생 가려내기 위해 2010년 도입. 과목 평가 전체에서 A를 받고 과목 코스의 두 번째 년도 시험에서 최소 90%의 성적을 받아야 함. 지원자의 8%가 A* 획득
- 여학생이 과학, 수학을 제외한 과목에서 A* 등급을 더 많이 받음 : 여학생의 8.3%, 남학생의 7.9%
- 전체 지원자의 14%에 해당하는 사립학교 학생의 30%가 A* 등급 획득
- 전체 지원자의 30%에 해당하는 sixform college 및 계속교육기관 학생의 20%가 A* 등급 획득
- UK 지역별 A* 획득자 비율
▪ UK 전체 : 8.1%
▪ 북아일랜드 : 8.8%
▪ 잉글랜드 : 8%
▪ 웨일즈 : 6.6%

1
<표> A-레벨 연도별 A등급 획득자 비율

○ 과목별 분석
- A* 등급을 가장 많이 획득한 과목은 수학이고(29.9%) 가장 적게 받은 과목은 언론, 영화, TV연구임(1.8%)
- 과학 지원자 수 증가 : 생물 4.3%, 화학 3.7%, 물리 5.2% 지원자 수 증가
- 수학 지원자 수 지속적 증가 : 수학 4,526명, 응용수학 1,209명 증가
- 언어 지원자 수 지속적 감소 : 프랑스어 3.4%, 독어 3.8% 지원자 수 하락. 단 스페인어 지원자 수는 4% 증가
- 심리학(가장 인기), 영어, 수학, 생물, 역사와 같은 전통적 과목들을 지속적으로 선택하고 있음

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<표> A-레벨 과목별 A* 획득자 비율

○ 대학 진학
- 지원자 수 12% 상승 : 작년 미진학자의 재지원 영향
- 많은 대학이 모집인원을 줄였고, 클리어링(clearing, 해당연도의 대학입시 정시지원에서 어느 대학에도 입학 자리를 확보하지 못한 대입지원자들이 추가 지원하는 제도)을 통해 진학 하는 학생수가 더 많아질 것
- 2010년 18,000개의 학과가 클리어링을 통해 지원 가능하며, 2009년 48,000명의 학생이 클리어링을 통해 진학
- 대입관할기관 UCAS의 대표 Mary Curnock Cook : 지난 10년 중 대입 경쟁률이 가장 높을 예정
- 379,411명의 지원자가 이미 대학 또는 컬리지에 진학함
- 180,000명의 지원자(26.8%)가 정시 모집에서 진학하지 못하고 클리어링을 통해 진학할 예정임. 이는 지원자가 지원 학과가 요구하는 점수를 받지 못했거나, 진학 허가를 받지 못했거나, 늦게 지원한 지원자에 해당
- 이는 전년도 135,000명(22.2%)보다 많은 수치
- 스코틀랜드의 경우 : 자격시험 결과 8월초 기발표. 통과비율 74.6%. 적은 수의 학생만이 A-레벨을 선택. 절반의 스코틀랜드 대학이 이미 입학 정원이 찼다고 통보.

□ 기사 원문 보기

A-level results 2010: A* grade boosts new exams record
One in 12 A-level exams (8%) has been awarded the new A* grade as pupils scored another record-breaking year of results.

Some 27% of entries gained an A or A* and the overall pass rate rose for the 28th year, amid a record battle for university places.

This is the most competitive year for university admissions for a decade, Ucas says.

Some 660,000 students have applied to university.

More places are on offer this year, but the numbers are capped and universities face fines for over-recruiting.

The pass rate for A-levels rose for the 28th year in a row, with 97.6% of entries gaining an E or above, up from 97.5% in 2009.

Hundreds of thousands of students in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are getting the results of their A-levels and AS-levels.

The A* was introduced this year to stretch the brightest students and help universities differentiate between the best candidates.

To get one, a student has to score an A overall, plus at least 90% in each paper in the second year of the course.

Research from exams regulator Ofqual had predicted that 7% of students would get an A*.

This year is also the first year when students took four modules in an A-level instead of six, answering "stretch and challenge" questions designed to allow them to demonstrate their knowledge fully.

The results showed girls were more likely than boys to get an A* overall, although this is reversed in science and maths. According to the exam boards, which released the results, boys are generally closing the gap at the A grades.

A total of 8.3% of A-levels taken by girls were awarded the new A* grade, compared with 7.9% of those from boys.

Students from independent schools were proportionately more likely to get an A*.

They took some 30% of A*s awarded, although they make up only 14% of entries.

Candidates from comprehensive schools, which account for 43% of A-level entries, gained 30% of the A* grades awarded.

Further education and sixth-form colleges, which enter 30% of candidates, saw students receive a fifth (20%) of A*s awarded.
Science and maths resurgence

The highest percentage of A*s was awarded in further maths at 29.9%. The lowest was in media, film and TV studies at 1.8%.

Across the subjects, science has seen a resurgence this year with biology entries up 4.3%, chemistry up 3.7% and physics up by 5.2%.

The numbers taking maths continued to rise with an extra 4,526 entries, and an extra 1,209 for further maths.

But modern foreign language entries continue to fall, with the numbers entering for French down 3.4% and German down 3.8%.

Going against the trend is Spanish, which has seen a 4% increase.

The results show that traditional subjects remain firm favourites with students, with English, maths, biology and history - as well as psychology - the most popular choices this year.

But despite record successes, many candidates face disappointment over university places.

Applications this year are already up by 12% on last year's record level, with the numbers bolstered by those re-applying after not securing a place last year.
Many universities have warned that they will have far fewer, if any, places available through "clearing" than usual.

Universities minister David Willetts said there were 18,000 courses with places available in clearing this year.

Last year almost 48,000 students found places through this system, which matches available university places to students who did not get the grades they needed for their first choices.

University admissions service Ucas says competition for places is intense.

Chief executive Mary Curnock Cook said: "Thousands of applicants whose places have been confimed today deserve congratulations for this achievement in perhaps the most competitive year for HE admissions in the last 10 years."

She said the body had now processed all A-level results and that more than 8,000 more students had been placed on courses in the UK than at the same time last year.

A record 379,411 applicants had already been accepted into university or college.

But another 180,00 students (26.8% of total applicants) are eligible for clearing, Ucas says. This is because they either have not got the grades they needed for their chosen courses, had no offers to start with or applied late.

At this point last year, about 135,000 were in this position - 22.2% of the total applicants.

NATIONAL PICTURE: A*
UK - 8.1% of entries
Northern Ireland - 8.8%
England - 8%
Wales - 6.6%

'Uncertain future'

National Union of Students president Aaron Porter said: "With youth unemployment pushing one million, savage education funding cuts and arbitrary limits on places, the government is at risk of imposing poverty of opportunity on a generation of young people facing a very uncertain future."

Universities Minister David Willetts congratulated students on their results and said that those who did not get the offer of a university place had other good options.

"It is a very exciting time for all those who receive their results today and I congratulate everyone on their hard work and hope they got the results they need to fulfil their aspirations.

"There are more university places than ever before and already 380,000 applicants have got confirmed places at university. For those who have sadly not done as well they hoped, there are places available in clearing.

"Of course, university is not the only route into well-paid and fulfilling work. That is why we are also investing so much in Further Education and 50,000 extra high-quality apprenticeships."

Scottish students received the results of their Highers and Standard Grade exams earlier this month. The overall pass rate for Highers was up slightly - to 74.6% - creating a new record. A small number of students in Scotland opt to study A-levels.

Half of Scotland's universities have already said their courses are full.

<출처>
BBC, 2010.8.19
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-11012369