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GCSE 목표점수 도달 학교 증가

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주영한국교육원
Date
18:10 09 Sep 2008
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1746
< GCSE 목표점수 도달 학교 증가 >


□ 낮은 성취등급의 중등학교 감소
- Ed Balls(교육부 장관) : 영국 내 기준 미달의 중등학교의 수가 1/4 가까이 감소함
- National Challenge programme : GCSE 영어, 수학을 포함한 5개 과목에서 최소 C 등급 획득 학생이 30%에 미치지 못하는 638개의 학교 선정(2008.6)
- 선정된 학교는 2011년까지 유예기간을 갖고 프로그램의 기준에 도달해야 하며, 실패할 경우 타학교와 합병 되거나 아카데미, 연합 학교로 전환됨

- 학교가족어린이부 결과 발표
▪ 예상 수치에 의하면 638개교중 260개 학교 (16개 아카데미 포함)가 30%의 기준점에 도달한 것으로 밝혀짐
▪ 프로그램에 포함되어 있지 않던 100여개의 학교가 기준점에 도달하지 못함
▪ 총 475학교가 National Challenge programme 기준점에 도달하지 못함

□ National Challenge programme 달성 학교의 수치가 주는 의의
- 1997년 1,610개의 학교가 기준 미달이었음
- 아카데미 등의 대안 및 학교에 대한 재정지원에 관련한 노동당의 주장을 뒷받침 하는 이유가 됨

□ 개선 방향
- 학교별 맞춤 개선안 제시
- 4억 파운드의 지원금 : 총 70개 아카데미와 120개 연합 학교 개교에 재정 지원 예정
- 前 학교 장학사 대표(chief inspector) Mike Tomlinson 경을 새 National Challenge 위원회장으로 임명했고, David Woods 교수 역시 지역교육청 및 개별 학교를 돕는 전문가연합 대표로 임명될 예정

□ National Challenge 프로그램에 대한 비판적 시각
- 학교 교장 : 기준점에 도달하지 못한 자신들의 학교를 희생양으로 만들고 있다는 비난
- 보수당의 주장
▪ 단지 30%의 학생들만 기준점을 통과해도 된다는 목표는 지나치게 소극적임
▪ 30% 학생의 성공으로 기준점에 도달하지 못한 69%의 학생들을 고려하지 않는 것은 부적절함


More schools meeting basic GCSE targets, says Balls

- The Guardian, September 8, 2008

The number of underachieving secondary schools in England has fallen by about a quarter, schools secretary Ed Balls said yesterday.

In June, Balls identified 638 schools at which fewer than 30% of pupils achieved five good GCSE grades, defined as A* to C, including English and maths. Under his National Challenge programme, the schools were given until 2011 to improve. They are required to prepare a plan to meet the challenge, or face being merged or turned into an academy or trust school.

Provisional figures from the Department for Children, Schools and Families suggest a total of 260 of the 638 at-risk schools, including 16 academies, have reached the 30% threshold this summer.

Yesterday Balls described such results as a basic benchmark, but insisted he was not labelling those schools that did not meet the mark as failing.

Officials indicated that, as in past years, there will also be some schools - as many as 100 - which have dropped from above to just below the threshold. As a result the overall number of schools below the National Challenge threshold will have reduced to around 475.

The figures are important to Balls as he seeks to counter the Tory argument that extra spending on schools has not produced improved results. In 1997 there were 1,610 schools failing to reach Balls's benchmark.

Balls, speaking on the BBC's Andrew Marr Show, said: "It shows that we're on track to get to our target: that every school should be a good school for parents by 2011. But it's going to get harder because the schools which are below the level are going to need more intensive support.

"I'm not saying these are failing schools. Often they can get there with great leadership, with more intensive support. But in the end, we do have to take action - and that could be radical action like an academy."

Ministers have already received reports from local authorities on how they intend to improve underperforming schools. The schools department said it will be providing bespoke advice, as well as £400m, that will help some of the schools to become either trusts or academies. In total the money will help fund 70 further academies and 120 more trusts.

Balls has already appointed former chief inspector of schools Sir Mike Tomlinson to chair a new National Challenge panel. He is expected to appoint Professor David Woods to lead a network of experts to work with local authorities on individual schools.

The National Challenge has been controversial, with some headteachers claiming their schools are being scapegoated as failing, although Balls denies using the term. Other critics, including the Conservative party, said the target of ensuring 30% of pupils secured five good GCSE grades showed a poverty of ambition, arguing that it is unacceptable that a school can be deemed a success when as many as 69% of pupils might be failing.