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2009 교육백서 Your child, your schools, our future

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주영한국교육원
Date
00:58 02 Jul 2009
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3206
2009 영국 교육백서 「어린이, 학교, 우리의 미래」
“Your child, your schools, our future :
building a 21st century school system”

□ 2009 교육백서 발표
- 2009년 6월 30일 DCSF는 ‘Your Child, Your Schools, Our Future'라는 제목의 백서(White Paper)를 의회에 제출함
- 백서 요약본 보기
http://publications.dcsf.gov.uk/eOrderingDownload/DCSF-21st-Century-Schools-YP.pdf
- 백서 전문 보기
http://publications.dcsf.gov.uk/eOrderingDownload/21st_Century_Schools.pdf

□ 백서의 핵심적인 내용
- 학생보장(Pupil Guarantee) : 부진아 일대일 및 소그룹 지도, 7세 학습상황 점검 등을 포함하는 모든 학생들이 보장받게 될 내용들
- 학부모보장(Parent Guarantee) : 가정-학교 협약서(Home-School Agreement) 등을 통한 자녀교육에의 학부모 참여를 더욱 강화하게 될 내용들
- 학교 성적표(School Report Cards) : 학교의 현황과 정보를 더욱 명확히 보여줄 수 있는 제도
- 교사면허증(Licence to Teach) : 교사들의 연수기회를 확대함과 동시에 주기적인 교사 자격 검증제도 도입 추진
- 학교연합(Accredited School Groups) : 지역의 모든 학교의 성취수준을 함께 향상시키기 위한 우수학교 중심 협력 연계체제를 통한 학교발전계획

□ Pupil Guarantee
○ 주요 내용
- Key Stage 2 단계 시작시점(초등 3학년)에서 학습이 부진한 학생들에게 일대일 영어, 수학 교습 실시
- 11세 중등학교 시작 시점에서 학습이 뒤진 학생들에게 보충학습 지원(catch-up support)
- Key Stage 3, 4의 완료시점(14세, 16세)에서 학생에게 적합한 진로선택에 관한 의무적인 교육
- 건강과 사회적 문제에 관한 외부 전문가의 도움
- 중등과정에서의 개인 교사(personal tutor)에 의한 도움
- 우수학생들의 경우 GCSE에서 3개의 과학과목에서 선택 유도
- 영재교육 지원 강화
- 학교 내외에서 1주일에 5시간 이상 체육교육과 스포츠 활동에의 참여

○ Pupil Guarantee 전문

The 21st Century School Pupil Guarantee will ensure that there are high aspirations for all pupils and that each and every pupil is given the opportunity to do the best they possibly can and succeed in school and in adult life.

To make this happen:
a. every pupil will go to a school where there is good behaviour, strong discipline, order and safety;
b. every pupil will go to a school where they are taught a broad, balanced and flexible curriculum including skills for learning and life;
c. every pupil will go to a school where they are taught in a way that meets their needs, where their progress is regularly checked and where additional needs are spotted early and quickly addressed;
d. every pupil will go to a school where they take part in sport and cultural activities; and
e. every pupil will go to a school that promotes their health and wellbeing, where they have the chance to express their views and where they and their families are welcomed and valued.

1. Good behaviour, strong discipline, order and safety

Schools are already expected to:
◦ have effective policies in place to promote good behaviour and discipline;
◦ have effective policies in place to prevent and tackle all forms of bullying;
◦ involve pupils in developing and reviewing the school behaviour policy;
◦ engage with parents when a pupil fails to attend school regularly, persistently misbehaves, or is excluded; and
◦ maintain a safe environment and take measures, where appropriate, to keep weapons out of school.

The new Pupil Guarantee will now also ensure:
◦ that pupils know what behaviour is expected of them and the consequences of misbehaving, from September 2009;
◦ that all pupils have the opportunity to have their say about standards of behaviour in their school, from spring 2010; and
◦ that pupils who need support for their behaviour outside the ordinary classroom have access to high‑quality learning opportunities.

2. Taught a broad, balanced and flexible curriculum including skills for learning and life

Schools are already expected to:
◦ provide a balanced and broad-based curriculum which gives oportunities to learn and achieve and which prepares all pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life, and promotes pupils' spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development.

The new Pupil Guarantee will now also ensure:
◦ that the curriculum is tailored to every child's needs so that, from September 2011, every primary pupil receives the support they need to secure good literacy, numeracy and ICT skills, learn another language and about the humanities, science, technology and the arts, such as learning to play a musical instrument;
◦ that every 11-14 year-old enjoys relevant and challenging learning in all subjects and develops their personal, learning and thinking skills so that they have strong foundations to make their 14-19 choices. This will be phased in by September 2010;
◦ that every learner from 14-19 has the choice of learning route and qualifications from Apprenticeships, Diplomas, the Foundation Learning Tier and GCSEs/A-Levels; this will ensure that they have the opportunity to gain functional skills and increase opportunities to progress to higher education. This will be phased in by 2013;
◦ that every pupil understands they have, and are encouraged to take up, the opportunity to study at least two science GCSEs and, by September 2014, those who would benefit from a more stretching science curriculum have the opportunity to study triple science GCSE (physics, chemistry and biology);
◦ that every pupil aged 14-19 has the opportunity to undertake community service and high-quality work-related learning, by September 2009; and
◦ that every young person is participating in education or training up to the age of 17 from 2013 and up to the age of 18 from 2015.

3. Taught in a way that meets their needs, where progress is regularly checked, and where additional needs are spotted early and quickly addressed

Schools are already expected to:
◦ ensure teachers are appropriately qualified and receive training so that they can teach well;
◦ encourage teachers to tailor their teaching to the needs of each individual pupil;
◦ have teachers who are trained to effectively assess and monitor each pupil’s progress; and
◦ work with the National Strategies, the Every Child a Chance Trust and those local authorities delivering Every Child a Reader (ECAR) and Every Child Counts (ECC) to identify and support Key Stage 1 pupils who are significantly falling behind in literacy and numeracy.

The new Pupil Guarantee will now also ensure:
◦ that every secondary school pupil, from September 2010, receives personalised support from a Personal Tutor who knows them well, has an overview of their progress, and ensures any learning needs or issues are quickly addressed;
◦ all secondary school pupils have access to high-quality careers education and information, advice and guidance so they can make informed choices about learning, work and lifestyles and are well supported during transitions;
◦ that every pupil goes to a school that identifies their additional needs quickly and is linked up to health and other specialist services, so they can access the help they need swiftly and easily;
◦ that every pupil, aged seven to eleven who has fallen behind national expectations and is not making good progress, receives one-to-one tuition in English or mathematics to get them back on track, from September 2010;
◦ that every pupil beginning secondary school behind national expectations in English and mathematics receives one-to-one or small group tuition and their learning is assessed through a progress check, which is reported to parents, from September 2010;
◦ that every pupil identified as gifted and talented receives written confirmation by their school of the extra challenge and support they will receive, by September 2010; and
◦ that every pupil has an opportunity to have a say on how well their school is doing and how it can be improved.

4. Take part in sport and cultural activities

Schools are already expected to:
◦ deliver two hours high-quality PE and sport as part of School Sport Partnerships; and
◦ promote pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural development.

The new Pupil Guarantee will now also ensure:
◦ that every 5-16 year-old has access to five hours, and every 16-19 year-old has access to three hours, of high-quality PE and sport per week, in and out of school, by September 2009;
◦ that every pupil should have access to regular competitive sport, coaching to improve their skills and enjoyment, a choice of different sports, pathways to club and elite sport, and opportunities to lead and volunteer in sport;
◦ that through partnerships between schools and other external providers (such as libraries, museums, and performing arts organisations), every pupil should have access to high-quality cultural activities in and out-of-school, with an aspiration that, over time, this will reach five hours a week for all;
◦ that every primary school pupil should have access to childcare in response to the local pattern of demand, by September 2010; and
◦ that every pupil should have access to activities out-of-school hours, which may include study support, play/recreation, sport, music clubs, arts and crafts and other special interest clubs, and business and enterprise activities, by September 2010. And every young person should have access to a range of positive activities in their local area.

5. Health and wellbeing is promoted

Schools are already expected to:
◦ promote the five Every Child Matters outcomes of: be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution, and achieve economic wellbeing.

The new Pupil Guarantee will now also ensure:
◦ that every pupil receives personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE) from September 2011; and
◦ that every pupil should go to a Healthy School that promotes healthy eating, an active lifestyle and emotional health and wellbeing.

□ Parent Guarantee
○ 주요 내용
- 학교의 성적에 관한 더 명확한 정보 제공
- 학교 선택에 대한 도움과 조언 제공
- 진로와 과목 선택에 관한 수준 높은 도움 제공
- 자녀의 학업성취도, 발달상황, 해동, 출석 등에 관하여 대면 혹은 온라인을 통한 정보 제공
- 학교성적표, 학교평가에 학부모의 의견을 더욱 더 반영함으로써 학교에 대한 영향력 증대
- Parent Support Advisers 등을 통한 전문적인 교육, 활동, 건강문제에 관한 도움 제공

○ Parent Guarantee 전문
The 21st Century School Parent Guarantee will ensure that every child goes to a school that has high aspirations for them and is given the opportunity to do the best they possibly can to succeed in school and in adult life.

In addition, the Parent Guarantee will ensure that schools work with mothers, fathers and other carers as full partners in their child’s learning and wider development.

To make this happen:
a. every parent will have opportunities, information and support to exercise choice with and on behalf of their child;
b. every parent will have a Home School Agreement outlining their rights and responsibilities for their child’s schooling;
c. every parent will have the opportunity, information and support they need to be involved and engaged in their child’s learning and development; and
d. every parent will have access to extended services including support and advice on parenting.

1. Have opportunities, information and support to exercise choice with and on behalf of their child

Parents can already:
◦ have confidence that the Admissions Code will ensure that there is a fair process in place to allocate a school place to their child;
◦ get help and support from choice advisers;
◦ have their views on extended services, behaviour, the curriculum and travel listened to and acted upon by the school;
◦ have their views listened to by Ofsted during school inspections and
in decisions about when to inspect;
◦ be confident that the Government will take action where schools or
local authorities are not delivering a high-quality education;
◦ access information on school policies including on SEN and usually covering behaviour and uniform expectations; and
◦ become involved in school governance.

The new Parent Guarantee will also ensure:
◦ parents get a package of information on every school in which they are interested that includes the School Report Card, giving information on school performance, and its prospectus, giving information on its policies, including expectations of behaviour;
◦ parents get high-quality information and advice on the career and subject choices open to their child as outlined in the forthcoming Information, Advice and Guidance Strategy;
◦ parents will be asked for their views on how the school is doing and their views will be included on the School Report Card; and
◦ local authorities will seek and listen to parents’ views on the quality of the schools in their local area.

2. Have a Home School Agreement outlining their rights and responsibilities for their child’s schooling

Schools are already expected to:
◦ have a Home School Agreement that outlines the school’s and family’s responsibilities.

The new Parent Guarantee will also ensure:
◦ that the new Home School Agreement will make clear to every parent their particular responsibilities, especially around the behaviour
of their child;
◦ schools will understand that they have new and stronger powers to enforce the new Home School Agreement where parents are not fulfilling their responsibilities around behaviour; and
◦ that all parents understand the expectations of them and their child and the consequences of not acting to support the school in addressing their child’s behaviour issues

3. Have the opportunity, information and support they need to be involved and engaged in their child’s learning and development

Schools are already expected to:
◦ provide parents with annual reports on their children’s progress; and
◦ provide parents with access to their children’s school record when
requested.

The new Parent Guarantee will also ensure:
◦ parents can contact and meet a member of staff who knows their
child well – a named Personal Tutor in secondary schools or their
child’s teacher in primary schools;
◦ all parents understand their child’s individual learning and development priorities and their child’s particular needs;
◦ all parents understand their responsibilities to help their child progress and develop and understand how to support them;
◦ parents have information on their child’s behaviour, attendance, SEN, progress and attainment online in secondary schools by 2010 and in primary schools by 2012;
◦ Parents receive information about catch-up support for pupils starting secondary school behind national expectations plus information on their child’s progress, including the results of a new progress check during year 7; and
◦ parents receive written confirmation of the extra challenge and support their child will receive if they are identified as gifted and talented and a clear understanding of what they should do to help them.

4. Have access to extended services including support and advice on parenting

Schools are already expected to:
◦ Work with local authorities to offer support for parents, including Parent Support Advisers or other similar professionals who work with parents who need additional support.

The new Parent Guarantee will also ensure:
◦ that parents have access to a range of extended services by 2010 including: information and support on parenting skills and advice on parenting issues; childcare; activities; and opportunities to enhance their own learning and to learn with their child; and
◦ that parents’ views of the additional needs of their child are taken
into account when the child joins the school and if problems occur