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‘자유 학교’ 설립 착수

Author
주영한국교육원
Date
17:56 28 Jun 2010
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3549
□ 영국 정부, 자유 학교(free school) 설립 착수
- 자유 학교 : 중앙 정부로부터 자금 지원 받으나 자율권을 가진 학교
- 학부모, 학교의 목표, 학제, 교육 방식 및 학교 위치 등을 수렴하는 작업을 진행 중이며 학부모, 교사, 자선단체 및 외부 단체의 지원 절차 수립 착수
- 교육부 장관 마이클 고브 : 자유 학교가 빈부 간 학업 성취 격차를 줄이는데 노력해야 하며 실패할 경우 폐교됨. 학교감사기구 Ofsted에 의해 모니터 될 예정
- 국가 교원 노조(NUT) : 자유 시장 경쟁은 지역 차원에서 혼돈을 불러올 것
- 아카데미와 더불어 영국 교육 제도 변화의 주축이 되는 두가지 계획 중 하나

□ 자유 학교 시행 계획
- 2011년 9월 최초로 개교 예정
- 720개 단체(교사가 절반 이상)가 관심 표명
- 미국과 스웨덴의 기존 프로그램과 유사하며, 자선단체부터 사기업까지 영리․비영리 단체 모두 학교 설립 신청 가능
- 신청 단체는 지원 2차 단계에서 재정적 가능성을 실현할 총 사업계획을 제출해야 함
- 설립 담당부서 ‘New Schools Network’는 설립 안내서를 온라인에 탑재할 예정


※상세 내용은 원문 참조

Government sets out how to establish 'free schools'
Michael Gove says the changes will drive up standards for all

The government in England is setting out how parents, teachers, charities and other groups can apply to set up their own "free school". Free schools will be independent but funded by central government. Groups will have to set out demand from parents, the school's aims, curriculum, teaching methods and possible sites. Education Secretary Michael Gove says the schools will help close the achievement gap between rich and poor and will be closed if they fail. The National Union of Teachers (NUT) says the free market policy will create "chaos" at a local level. The free schools scheme is one of the two key plans set to change the shape of England's schools system. The other is the academies programme, where good schools are being encouraged to opt out of local authority control.
What they will need to show
Some schools are due to convert to academies in the autumn. The government expects the first of the new breed of "free schools" to open in September 2011. It says 720 groups have expressed an interest in starting schools - half of them teachers. Education Secretary Michael Gove says the schools are a way of raising achievement in areas where local authority-run schools are not providing a good quality education. He says a similar system has helped to improve dramatically the education of poorer children in some cities in the USA. "In America, some of the most successful schools that have been set up have been set up by teachers. Parent Marie Baker on why she is involved in campaign to take over her local school
"We have been joined by teachers from the state sector who want to branch out and set up their own schools and they particularly want to target the disadvantaged.
"They want to make sure that the achievement gap is closed."
Speaking on the Today programme on BBC Radio Four, Mr Gove said the main motivating factor behind the programme was the desire to close the attainment gap.
"We have one of the most segregated, stratified school systems in the developed world," he said.
Mr Gove said the schools would be monitored by England's schools inspectors Ofsted and would face closure if they failed.
"I am not anticipating failure. I am anticipating success. But we will be rigorous in ensuring that those who do go down this road are equipped to make ita success," he said.
"And if they falter, if things goes wrong, if there's any jiggery-pokery, schools will close."
A new body called the New Schools Network has been set up to advise groups on how to set up schools.
Adopting such a business model to our schools will amount to the sweeping dismantling of our education system
Christine Blower General Secretary, NUT
It links groups to "education providers", including charities and private companies, who would set up trusts to organise the day-day running of the schools.
In most cases, parents themselves might play a role on a new school's governing body but would not be involved in teaching or the running of a school.
Later on Friday the government will launch an online guide for groups wanting to set up a school.
This will need to demonstrate demand from parents, set out the aims and ethos of their proposed school as well as the curriculum and teaching methods.
They will also need to have ear-marked possible sites for the school.
In the second stage of the application process, groups would need a full business plan, setting out the school's financial viability.
Sweden
They would have to comply with all aspects of "rigorous suitability and vetting tests", the government says, including CRB (Criminal Records Bureau) checks.
Free schools will not have to follow the national curriculum but will need to provide an education that is "broad and balanced", in the same way as new academies will.
The scheme is similar to the Charter Schools programme in the USA and the system in Sweden, where non-profit and profit-making groups can set up schools - funded by the government but free from its control.
NUT general secretary Christine Blower said: "Rather than providing opportunities to all parents, it will privilege the few at the expense of the many.
"Despite reassurances from Michael Gove that 'free' schools would not be run for profit, there is the strong possibility under this system that governing bodies could increasingly contract out the running of schools to private companies in return for management fees.
"Adopting such a business model to our schools will amount to the sweeping dismantling of our education system, turning it over to unaccountable, unelected companies."


<출처>
BBC, 2010.6.18
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/10345302.stm